The sun rises in the east and sets in the west due to the rotation of the earth, therefore the further east you travel, the earlier the sun rises. At the equator, where there is no north or south, it is day all year round. As you move away from the equator, there are places where the sun is up but not yet high in the sky, and others where it has already set but more clouds have moved in over the horizon, so that it hides again for a while.
This is why things like sunset are important. Sunsets occur when the sun is low on the horizon, but still visible. This means that it has not yet reached its highest point in the sky. Because of this, sunsets tend to be later in the day as one moves away from the equator.
The reason that the sun appears to rise later in the west is because it is leaving the horizon later. Since it takes time for information to travel around the world, people in the western part of the United States see the sun rise earlier than those in the eastern part.
In addition, they see it set later too because it stays below the horizon for longer.
The Sun, Moon, planets, and stars all rise and set in the east and west, respectively. This is due to the Earth's rotational axis, which is oriented eastward. The north end of this axis is called the "polar cap", and the south end is called the "tropic cap". The equator is where these two caps meet, and it contains East and West Africa as well as most of Europe and Asia.
The Earth's rotation causes a day/night cycle, and because we are located near the equator, there is no difference in altitude between the equator and the poles. Therefore, the eastern part of the planet will rise every morning and set every evening, while the western part stays below the horizon throughout the night.
This is why the sunrise is usually in the east and the sunset in the west. However, if you live near the coast or in another region with a large elevation change, then the concept of east and west might not apply to you. For example, if you live in California, then during winter when the Sun rises in the east and sets in the west, everyone else across the country is already sleeping!
In addition, if you live at a high latitude, then during winter you will never see the sunrise or sunset.
The Earth spins on its own axis from west to east every 24 hours and once a year around the Sun. Like is why it looks that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. Only the sun is visible at any one time. At any given period, half of the globe is facing the sun, yet because the Earth revolves every 24 hours, all of the Earth has faced the sun throughout this time.
When you look out your window in the morning, you are seeing the world through the lens of the Earth as it passes over each region. Because all places on the Earth are now receiving direct sunlight, the surface must be either hot or cold depending on their distance from the Sun. The parts of the Earth that are directly exposed to the Sun will be warm during the day and cold at night, while those that are hidden from the Sun will remain cool during the day and become warm at night.
The angle at which the Earth is receiving sunlight varies greatly across its surface. We are always surrounded by clouds that block some of the sunlight from reaching us, but some places are exposed to light for many hours each day while others get only a few minutes of full daylight per day. Even within a city, locations near a window can be very different from ones far away because of the direction and size of buildings: the amount of sunlight that reaches them depends on the orientation of their walls and windows.
During a full moon, when there is no sunlight to illuminate the Moon's face, we can see shadows of other objects fall across it.
Because of our planet's rotation, the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. Our planet's tilted axis reduces the quantity of daylight humans experience throughout the year. The further a country is from the equator, the more sunlight there is at mid-latitudes during the summer months.
Mid-latitudes are the areas of North America and Europe that lie between the tropics and the poles. Mid-latitude countries like Canada and the United States have seasons, with warm temperatures and dry conditions for most of the year but also freezing weather and heavy rains at times. The reason for this unusual behavior is that they are too far from the equator to receive direct sunlight all day long; instead, they get part of it during the day and part at night. The part that gets light is called the photoperiod. Countries like these need seasonal changes or else they would never be able to grow crops or raise livestock.
In mid-latitude regions like this one, the position of the Sun affects when daily rhythms such as sunrise and sunset occur. Because of their distance from the equator, mid-latitude countries experience sunrises and sunsets about six hours later than people in the equatorial region. The line on the map below shows where you can see the first rays of sunlight over the horizon.