The Tropic of Capricorn is located 23.5 degrees south of the equator on the Earth. The Tropic of Capricorn is a latitude parallel on Earth located 23.5 degrees south of the equator. This is near the southernmost point in Australia.
The axis of rotation of the Earth is not straight out into space, but leans slightly toward the center of the planet at about 23.5 degrees. Because of this tilt, we experience seasons: cold months for those farther north than 23.5 degrees, and hot months for those farther south than that. The line between the two is called the Tropic of Capricorn.
This is because around the time of the Roman Empire (about 100 AD), scientists started naming lines on the earth's surface after constellations that would rise above the horizon during certain times of the year. The Romans were the first to do this, with the first recorded map being used by Columbus when he reached South America. He was looking for India, which at the time was thought to be somewhere in Asia. Instead he found the Americas.
There are two reasons why this line is important today. First, it is the boundary between the tropical and temperate zones on Earth. Second, it is the location of the tropics on other planets within our solar system.
The Tropic of Capricorn goes across Australia, Chile, southern Brazil (the only nation that travels through both the equator and a tropic), and northern South Africa. It passes just south of Sydney and Melbourne, and near the town of Ushuaia in Argentina.
This is one of the two tropical belts in the world (the other being the Arctic Circle). The term "tropical belt" describes a region of the world where there are high temperatures all year round. This region has no permanent ice or snow, only temporary frost during winter nights.
The word "tropics" comes from Latin tropicus, which means "having to do with a turning," because the sun turns around this point whenever it crosses the celestial equator. The name was given because people used to think that the climate here was different from what they knew back home. But today we know that the opposite is true: the tropics have the same types of weather as anywhere else on Earth. It's just that they occur every day of the year.
In fact, the tropics are best described as a band of climate zones, rather than a single region. They extend from the northern coast of Canada down through Central America, the Caribbean, South America, and into eastern Africa.
The Cancer Tropic is now located at 23.4 degrees north of the Equator. The Tropic of Capricorn is located around 23.4 degrees south of the Equator. This is due to the Earth's tilt of 23.4 degrees. As a result, the Cancer and Capricorn stars never go completely below the horizon and can be seen all year round.
The Cancer star can be seen from mid-March to mid-June, and the Capricorn star from mid-December to mid-March. During these periods, the sky is dark outside the light of the city nightlights or moonlight.
Outside of these periods, the stars are only visible by artificial light. In addition, during a total solar eclipse events are also visible in areas where there is no direct sunlight. These regions are called "solar eclipses". Outside of these regions, only parts of the eclipse are visible from specific locations.
The Tropic of Capricorn (or the Southern Tropic) is the latitude circle containing the subsolar point during the December (or southern) solstice. On the June Solstice, it also reaches 90 degrees below the horizon at solar midnight. The Tropic of Cancer is its northern counterpart. They both pass over the equator at monthly intervals, but they are not exactly equivalent because they have different lengths. The Capricorn tropic is about 15 degrees longer than the cancer tropic.
The term "southern" refers to the fact that the sun is directly over the equator at midday during the summer solstice. It is also called the "tropical" summer solstice. The "poles" of Capricorn are located in the constellations Aquarius and Sagittarius, respectively. The Arctic Circle lies just north of the Cancerian tropic. The Antarctic Circle is farther south still, near the Equator itself.
The angle between the two tropics is about 45 degrees. At the poles, this angle is 90 degrees, while near the equator it is less than 30 degrees.
Capricorn is the 12th sign of the zodiac. It is associated with animals such as goats, sheep, and deer. Humans are a species of animal too, so Capricorns typically have human traits. They are known for their patience and perseverance, which help them achieve their goals.