The sun normally sets in the west, although technically it only sets due west at the spring and fall equinoxes. The direction of sunset pivots around this westerly point for the remainder of the year, shifting northerly in winter and southerly in summer. This is because the Earth orbits the Sun, not the other way around; thus, the location where the sun is directly over the western horizon at midday will not remain fixed but will change throughout the year.
During a total solar eclipse, the moon blocks out the sun entirely, causing darkness to descend on a large part of the planet. Because all direct sunlight is blocked from reaching the surface, only light from the remaining stars and galaxies above the horizon can reach it. Due to this reason, astronomers often use observations of astronomical objects such as planets, stars, and galaxies during a total solar eclipse as a means of navigation, since their positions in the sky do not change during a total eclipse.
At first glance, it might appear that since the sun is going down, it must be night time. However, due to the nature of astronomy, we know that the sun is still shining down on everything that isn't in its path. It's just that you cannot see it due to clouds, fog, or anything else between you and it.
During a total solar eclipse, it would be normal for people to wonder whether it was already nighttime or not.
The sun "rises in the east and sets in the west," as most people are aware. At the summer solstice, the sun rises as far northeast as it ever does and sets as far northwest as it ever does. The sun rises a little more south every day after that. The sun rises straight east and sets due west during the autumn equinox. It then starts to go down northward until it reaches the northern hemisphere's winter solstice when it stops going up and starts coming down again.
At the winter solstice, the sun never leaves the horizon. It just gets lower and lower in the sky until it disappears over the south pole. From there it will start to rise again, but not before making another round trip across the celestial sphere.
During the spring equinox, the sun is directly south at midday. During the fall equinox, it is directly north at midday. The earth is facing away from the sun at both these times of the year.
At other times of the year, the earth is either closer to or further from the sun. If it is closer to the sun, then it is daytime throughout the year; if it is farther away, then it is nighttime throughout the year.
Closer to the sun: The days are longer during the summer and shorter during the winter. Closer to the moon: The nights are longer during the full moon and shorter during the new moon.
As evening approaches, the sun rises from the east and advances westward. Areas on the eastern side of the planet receive sunlight before locations on the western side, resulting in a time zone difference. The sun will always rise in the east and set in the west, regardless of whether you are in the northern or southern hemisphere.
During the day, the sun travels across the sky at about 55 miles (89 km) per second. This is why we experience daytime and nighttime every 24 hours. If the sun were to stop moving across the sky, then it would never go down and would remain visible in the east until the end of time! The earth's rotation causes daily changes in the amount of land and water that gets daylight and dark. There are two reasons why the sun appears to rise and set: first, because it takes time for information about something far away to reach our eyes; second, because Earth's axis is not exactly perpendicular to its orbit around the sun. As a result, areas near the equator see most of their day and night events within a few hours. But at high latitudes, where the sun is low in the sky for much of the year, there is almost no sunset during summer and no sunrise in winter.
Sunset happens when the sun is on the opposite side of the earth relative to an observer. For someone standing in New York City, for example, sunset occurs when the sun is in Los Angeles.
It has an impact on the direction of dawn and sunset. To locate directions by the sun, you must first grasp how the sun operates, including where it rises and sets and how it travels across the sky. Most people, I believe, believe that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. And it does, for two days a year. The rest of the time, it's really up somewhere else or going somewhere else.
But here's the thing: The sun doesn't actually go anywhere. It's the earth that moves. Very slowly at first, then faster as it gets closer to full speed at around 30 miles per second. This is why trees grow toward the north and south poles, where the sunlight strikes them evenly all day long. Even when the sun is directly over the equator, there are still winds blowing across the planet that cause things to grow in different directions based on which way they're coming from or going to. These are known as wind-driven currents.
So now that we know this, let's go back to the question of directions. When you look at a map, you're usually looking at a map of the world. And since the world isn't flat, but rather round, the location of cities, roads, and everything else depends on which part of the globe you're on. There are two parts to any location: Longitude and latitude.
Longitude goes one way on the western side of the planet and another way on the eastern side.
East The sun "rises in the east and sets in the west," as most people are aware. Most individuals, however, are unaware that this is a generality. Actually, the sun only rises directly east and sets due west twice a year—-on the spring and autumn equinoxes! Otherwise, it passes over the celestial poles from north to south.
The word "horizon" comes from the Latin word for sea shore, so you might expect the sun to appear to rise and set over the ocean. However, because of how the earth orbits around the sun, we always see the sun rise over one part of the world and set over another.
For example, when you look out your window on the eastern side of New York City you will see that the sun never sets below the sky line. It's just that there's nothing but water all the way to the horizon! So even though it may look like it's going down in some parts of the city, it's actually still rising in other places that we can't see.
In fact, the sun appears to rise and set anywhere in the world about twelve times each year. That's because it takes us about twelve hours between sunrise and sunset at the same time every day of the year. So if you want to know where the sun rises and sets along a given day, just find out what time it gets up in one place and what time it goes down in another!