According to Ovid (Fasti, Book V), Juno was envious of Jupiter for giving birth to Minerva from his own head. Juno gave birth to Mars after Flora gave her some herb. As a result, Flora made sure that her child was the first to be born at each new moon and that Juno could not predict where next in line would come before him or her. Thus, Juno sent a plague against Rome when she found out that Mars was going to fight Aeneas, who was carrying Juno's son by Jupiter.
Minerva was later said to have been born with arms folded across her chest, which is why we give babies baths, showers, or baths - all words meaning "to fold or wrap."
This story is used to explain why there are two moons around Mars (one caused by Earth's gravity and one caused by Mars' own gravity).
Juno is the queen of the gods, Jupiter's wife and sister, and Saturn's daughter. Juno (Hera in Greek mythology) despises the Trojans since the Trojan Paris judged her in a beauty pageant. She is also a patron of Carthage and is aware that Aeneas' Roman descendants are doomed to destroy the city-state. In order to prevent this from happening, she uses her powers to make Aeneas forget his destiny and make him believe that he has found an ideal home in Italy where he can start a new life.
In addition to being a goddess of marriage and childbirth, Juno is also responsible for other aspects of daily life such as medicine and agriculture. She is said to have created mankind out of clay and gave them fire as a means of protection against the cold.
In some cultures, such as Ancient Greece and Rome, it was common practice for deities to have lovers on Earth. Juno had both Jupiter and Mars as her partners. They were married to her because they were chosen by lot. The Romans called these marriages "junonia".
During her lifetime, Juno fathered three children with Jupiter: Iris, Pan, and Hebe. After Jupiter's death, she married Saturn and had a son, Rhea, with him. Rhea then went on to marry Uranus. All of Juno's marriages were purely political ones designed to keep control of the universe within certain families. No physical relationship was involved in any of them.
Although Juno is recognized for her varied functions as a goddess defending the Roman people, and she was a component of the essential triad atop Capitoline Hill with Jupiter and Minerva, she is best known as the goddess of marriage and childbirth. The Romans believed that if someone wanted they could make an agreement with Juno, but never with Mars because he was seen as a war god. The most common image of Juno comes from one of her temples in Rome which showed the goddess wearing a crown and holding a cornucopia (a horn of plenty). It is believed that this image was based on an earlier form of the goddess called Janaia who had only held a palm tree branch.
Juno's main temple was located on the Capitoline Hill in Rome where they kept the original image of the goddess. This temple was a place of worship for anyone who needed fertility in their lives whether it be having a child or planting a seed. The Romans believed that if you prayed to Juno enough times then she would help you achieve your goal.
In addition to being a goddess of marriage and childbirth, Juno is also remembered for helping the Greeks defeat the Italians at the Battle of Capua in 278 BC. After this victory, Apollo sang a song praising the gods who helped him win which is why we call the battle of Capua the "Battle of Apollo".
Juno was the goddess of marriage, pregnancy, and childbirth, among other things. She was the Queen of the Gods and a member of the Capitoline triad, along with Minerva and Jupiter. This goddess personified the conventional feminine responsibilities of wife and mother. Her symbols were the white horse and dove, which represented the promise of love and new life.
In ancient Rome, marriages were political acts done in order to form alliances between two families. The bride's family would seek out a husband for her by going to different houses where there citizens are gathering food, water, and other necessary items for their homes. If the couple they approve of is available, then they will consent to the marriage. Otherwise, they will simply continue seeking out another candidate. In Juno's case, she was chosen by the Roman people because they believed that she would make an excellent wife for some great leader.
After being selected by the people, the bride-to-be would be taken before the priest who would bless the union by invoking Mars (the god of war), indicating that Juno married humanity as well as God. Then, she would be given over to her new husband's family for approval. If they also gave their blessing, then the wedding was considered complete. However, if not, or if they refused, then the bride and groom would go back up to the Capitoline Hill and try again with another candidate until one accepted them.
Juno duped Semele into seeing Jupiter in his actual form, and seeing him in his divine form burnt her up. Bacchus had not yet been born, so Jupiter stitched him to his thigh and carried him until he was ready to be born. When Juno found out about this, she tried to kill him, but Jupiter tricked her into drinking a potion that made her lose control of her senses. This is why wine has always reminded people of Juno--it makes them act crazy.
Bacchus then grew up to be a very rebellious boy who used his mother's insanity to escape from Jupiter and join him on Earth. He first went to Thrace where he met Iris, one of the goddesses of the rainbow. They fell in love and were married. Then he went to Italy where he became friends with Ceres (who like Juno was also one of Jupiter's sisters) and then later on Mars (another one of Jupiter's brothers). In addition to these two gods, there was also Quirinus in Rome who resembled Jupiter and so people called him Bacchus too. However, according to some stories, only Iris and Ceres knew it was really Jupiter who showed up at their weddings.
In some countries such as Greece, Italy, and Mexico, it is believed that Jupiter placed grapes in the Earth when he wanted people to have alcohol.