As a result, as air crosses the equator as it travels from the chilly winter hemisphere to the ITCZ in the warm hemisphere, the Coriolis force changes. As a result, the trade winds flip direction and blow west in the winter hemisphere and east in the summer hemisphere.
This effect is responsible for the annual cycle of weather patterns across much of the planet. It explains why winters are cold where you would expect them to be hot or cold based on the location of the Earth's orbit around the Sun; and summers are hot where you would expect them to be cold or hot depending on whether you are talking about the Northern or Southern Hemisphere.
The direction of the wind is important because it affects how clouds form and what parts of the ocean become ice covered at any given time. For example, if the wind were blowing in a straight line from the north then there would be no rain over Africa because there are no clouds there to water down. But since the wind is coming from the south that means that there must be some clouds over Africa, just not enough to fall as rain. The same thing happens over India and Australia. There are always some clouds over these continents in the summertime because the wind is coming from the south.
In addition to changing the formation of clouds, the wind's direction also influences which parts of the ocean will freeze over.
The reverse monsoon affects all parts of the Earth, but it is most noticeable in the Indian subcontinent and in Southeast Asia.
The word "monsoon" comes from the Latin word mons, which means "mountain". Thus, the monsoon is also called the atmospheric mountain range. The name applies to the typical pattern of clouds and rain that occurs during the seasons when there is no direct sunlight around noon on over half of the planet. In this case, the sun is behind a mountain or other tall object such as a prairie grassland, desert, or ocean coast. As the sun's heat evaporates water from these surfaces, the air becomes more humid and rises, creating cloud banks and precipitation far away from the source of heat.
There are two major monsoons: the northern monsoon and the southern monsoon. They affect almost every part of the world, but they are strongest in the Northern Hemisphere fall and Southern Hemisphere spring. The names reflect the fact that they usually reach their greatest intensity during those months in the respective hemispheres.
The Coriolis Effect can force a tropical cyclone to veer northward in the northern hemisphere. When a storm begins to travel north, it exits the trade winds and enters the westerlies, which are the west-to-east global winds prevalent at mid-latitudes. Because westerlies move in the opposite direction as trade winds, they cause storms to drift north.
Tropical Storms Are Formed From The Same Process As Other Cyclones But They Are Excluded From The Climate Classification System For One Reason: They Do Not Produce Significant Amounts Of Snow Or Ice. Therefore, They Cannot Be Classified As Either Tropical Depressions or Hurricanes.
In Conclusion, tropical storms are defined as moderate hurricanes that do not affect land. They are formed when air starts rotating around a central point, becoming organized into bands of clouds called circulation cells. These cells expand as they gain strength from the warming ocean waters, which increases their buoyancy. Eventually, they reach a point where they become unstable and collapse, usually producing a severe storm or hurricane. The type of wind that results from these storms can cause considerable damage when they hit land; therefore, they are responsible for many deaths each year.
Because of the Coriolis Effect, these winds are diverted to the right when they cross the Equator and arrive on India's western coast as south-west monsoon winds. Thus, in the Northern Hemisphere, the summer monsoon winds blow from the south-west.
In general, the direction of the summer monsoon in the Northern Hemisphere depends on which part of the Earth it comes from. If the wind is coming from the Indian Ocean or the Pacific Ocean, it will be called a west wind or monsoon wind. If the wind is coming from the Atlantic Ocean, it will be called an east wind or monsoon wind.
The position of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) determines the strength and extent of the summer monsoon in India. The ITCZ is the region of low pressure that develops between 30°N and 30°S latitude during June and July. It causes conditions that are favorable for the development of the Indian Monsoon. If the ITCZ occurs over open water instead of land, it is called a marine ITCZ. If it occurs over India, it is called an Indo-Pacific ITCZ.
If the ITCZ is located over open water, such as the Indian Ocean or the Pacific Ocean, it causes conditions that are favorable for the development of a strong monsoon.