Each Hindu can pick which of the four yogas (Jnana, Bhakti, Karma, and Raja/royal) they will use to achieve moksha. Yoga is commonly thought to be only the practice of asanas, meditation, and pranayam. Yoga, on the other hand, is so much more. It is a way of life that includes everything from how you eat and drink to how you treat others.
Here are the four main ways to achieve moksha:
Jnana means knowledge, i.e., the knowledge of Brahman and liberation. Jnanis believe that the soul (atma) is identical with Brahman and it can realize its identity through intense study and contemplation of Brahman's qualities. The jnani seeks guidance from spiritual teachers and lives by strict moral codes so that his or her intellect does not get polluted by attachment, hatred, and ignorance.
Bhakti means devotion, i.e., the love for one's god or gods. Bhaktas seek salvation through devotional service to God. They live according to the morals of the religion they follow and try to spread awareness about their faith through prayers, rituals, and good deeds.
Karma means action. It refers to any deed done without craving its fruit. Such deeds can lead to future happiness or misery depending on what type of karma has been created.
Consider taking up two of the following yoga practices to reach moksha via yoga:
Yoga practice is a common route to achieving moksha. Consider taking up two of the following yoga practices to reach moksha via yoga:
Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Raja Yoga, and Jnana Yoga are the four primary streams of yoga. These four pathways are analogous to tree branches or river streams. They all come from the same location and end up in the same place. They are, in essence, all the same. The difference is just in their degree of emphasis.
Karma Yoga is the most effective way to attain liberation from saffaric existence. It involves engaging in activities that are supposed to give happiness but which actually cause suffering. For example, we might make many generous donations to charitable organizations, hoping to gain merit and escape future lives as animals. Or we might engage in self-mortification practices such as fasting or severe physical exercise. In both cases, we hope to produce good actions that will lead to future human births.
Bhakti Yoga is the second best way. For example, we might make religious offerings to gods professing love for them. This type of activity might result in a temporary increase in happiness because we gave joy to another being, but it also caused us pain in the form of obligation or desire.
Raja Yoga and Jnana Yoga are both inferior ways to attain liberation. In Raja Yoga, the seeker focuses on achieving a particular state of consciousness called rajasic birth (samsara).