Hermes (the Roman Mercury) was the Greek deity of translators and interpreters. He was the wisest of the Olympian gods and functioned as a messenger for all the other gods. He was in charge of money, fortune, trade, fertility, and theft. His symbols are a wallet, winged shoes, and horses. According to one story, he was born on Mt. Cynthus in Greece. His parents were Pan (who was both a hunter and a guardian spirit) and Maia (a Titaness). As soon as he was born, his mother wrapped him in swaddling clothes and put him in a chest. She then went out hunting but didn't return for several days. When she did return, she brought home a pair of lions as pets. Hermes grew up loving animals so much that he decided to become an ambassador for peace between humans and beasts. He learned how to talk to animals and used this skill to communicate with his mother when she was pregnant with him. This is why babies with hermaphrodite traits come from mothers who have been exposed to mercury. Hermes also got his name from this ability because people would ask what kind of god they were dealing with and he would tell them by saying, "I am the son of a God and a Titaness."
In addition to being a messenger god, Hermes was also considered to be a protector against thieves and murderers.
He was both the patron of travelers and the deity of stealing. Mercury was also regarded as a god of prosperity and commercial success, notably in Gaul, where he was supposed to be especially loved. Mercury was one of the most popular Roman gods, according to archeological evidence from Pompeii. There were annual ceremonies held in his honor, and many items used by ordinary people during daily life were dedicated to him. For example, keys, locks, and buckles were all sacrificed to him.
Like other gods, Mercury had priests who officiated at rituals and made offerings on his behalf. The chief priest of Mercury was called a "Mercuriale."
The importance of Mercury to the Romans is clear from the fact that several words in Latin are derived from his name: "mercenary" (a hired soldier), "mercurial" (of uncertain quality or trustworthiness), and "merciful" (for which see note below).
According to some classical authors, Mercury was originally a Greek god but was adopted by the Romans. However, this isn't true; the reverse is actually true. The Romans adopted Mercury, who was already widely known and respected among the Greeks, French, and others.
Also, ancient writers described a great difference between the behavior of the two gods early in their history.
He is a significant deity in Roman religion and mythology, and one of the twelve Dii Consentes in the ancient Roman pantheon.... The element mercurial (mythology)
|Parents||Maia and Jupiter or Caelus and Dies (Cicero and Hyginus)|
Hermes, the God of Commerce. Hermes is responsible for travelers, messengers, and merchants. He is also the divine messenger of the Olympians and a psychopomp (a guide to the afterlife).
In addition to his role as a messenger, Hermes is also a protector against thieves and robbers. He is often shown with snakes in his hair or around his shoulders to indicate his connection to snakes. Despite this, he is not hostile towards humans; rather, he will take on human form to help people.
As well as being a god of communication and commerce, Hermes is also the god of learning. He is usually shown carrying books and scrolls which symbolizes his knowledge of many different subjects. This makes him appropriate for students who need to learn new skills or travel abroad for work.
Hermes' primary temple was in Athens, but there are also other temples dedicated to him in Rome, Libya, Malta, and Germany. Today, his symbols can be found on coins, medals, and stamps. People sometimes wear lapel pins in his honor.
He is usually depicted as a young man with snakes wound around his body.
Mercury (Mercurius) was the Roman god of trade, frequently acting as a mediator between the gods and mankind, his winged feet giving him the advantage of speed, and therefore he was the patron of widespread circulation, of people, products, and messages. He was also considered to be the bringer of dreams and sleep, hence his association with death. Therefore, Mercury is often depicted as a youth with wings, wearing a cap of feathers and carrying a rolled-up scroll as a messenger bag.
Mercury was introduced into Europe from Asia via Rome, where he became one of the most popular gods in ancient society. His symbols are the feather headdress and the caduceus (herald's staff), both made of gold, which can still be found in use today.
He has been associated with many other myths and cultures around the world, such as Apollo in Greece, Fengzi in China, Fénghuang in Vietnam, Dísir in Iceland, Verethragna in Latin America, and Wirathu in Burma.
In addition to his role as a god of communication, travel, and trade, Mercury also possesses magical abilities. He is able to transform himself into various animals, such as a swan or a deer. This transformation allows him to escape detection by humans.
Mercury. God of money, business, eloquence, messengers, communication, travel, boundaries, good fortune, deception, merchants, and thieves. Artus Quellinus the Elder's Mercurius Aelianus is one of the most important books on magic published in the 16th century.
The name Mercury comes from the Greek word for "messenger". In ancient Greece, messengers were often also priests or servants at religious rites and ceremonies, so they played an important role in establishing relations between humans and their gods.
In English, the word "mercury" has come to mean "the planet Mercury", but this is not what it means in Greek. The name Mercury comes from the messenger god mentioned above, so "mercurial" can also mean "of or like a messenger".
Some other words with mercurial meaning in English include: mercury-vapor lamp, mercury-vapor thermometer, and mercuric oxide, which is used as a fungicide and insecticide.
Greek mythology includes many characters who were considered sacred because they were said to be involved with communicating messages from Apollo to mortals.