The term equatorial refers to a ring that circles the equator. The tropical zone is defined as the area between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. As a result, the equatorial area is a subregion of the tropics.
Tropical zones are divided into two broad categories: the monsoon tropics and the non-monsoon tropics. The monsoon tropics include India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, the Philippines, and parts of Southern China and Oceania. These areas experience several seasonal changes due to differences in the movement of air masses across the equator. For example, in India annual cycles of rainfall occur due to variations in the flow of air over land and water.
The non-monsoon tropics include most of Africa, South America, and Central America. Here, too, there are differences in climate due to the presence or absence of monsoons. For example, in Africa the deserts of North Africa have no rain for more than half of the year, while in South Africa winter rains cover most of the continent.
In general, tropical zones are characterized by long, hot, and dry seasons. During these periods, most precipitation occurs during the summer months when air from the oceanic region overcomes that from the continental region.
The tropical zones of the Earth are those located around the equator and between the Tropics of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. This tropical region is also known as the torrid zone or the tropical zone. It extends from the tropic of cancer to the tropic of capricorn, which are imaginary lines drawn across the globe at 23.5 degrees north and south latitude respectively. The tropics contain most of the world's population and many of its nations. They are also the most active part of our planet, with more than 50% of the world's total land surface area covered by tropical forests and other vegetation.
In general terms, the tropical regions receive more sunlight than other parts of the planet and so they are warmer than other areas during the day. However, nighttime temperatures drop sharply because there is no distance to escape heat from the ground or sky. For this reason, the tropics do not support large bodies of water even though some islands are found in their borders. Instead, they contain huge numbers of species due to all the variation in temperature and precipitation that can be found within them.
The word "tropical" comes from Latin tropicalis, meaning "of or relating to a temple", since plants were often seen as living statues in ancient cultures.
The equatorial areas encompass approximately 6% of the Earth's surface and are positioned in a belt around the Equator. They are frequently found in lowland locations and have a hot and humid atmosphere all year. Tropical rainforests thrive in tropical areas. The highest peak in this region is Mount Everest at 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) above sea level.
Geologically, the equatorial regions are part of the Earth's crust but they are constantly moving towards the middle of the planet at a rate of about 1 inch per year! This strange movement is called "tectonics". The cause of this movement is the effect of gravity on molten rock deep inside the Earth's crust. The lighter rock sinks to the bottom while the heavier rock rises to the top. This activity creates mountains like those in Papua New Guinea or Indonesia.
At the center of the equatorial region lies the Oceanic Trench, a deep ocean trench that is more than 3,000 miles long. This trench was formed when an ancient continent broke up about 50 million years ago. Before it broke up, it must have been located near what is now Indonesia.
Scientists think that there might be life in these extreme conditions. There are many deserts in the world where no plants can grow because there is no water or soil too poor for agriculture.
However, this is not entirely accurate because the term "tropical" is defined differently in meteorology. A tropical climate is defined as one that occurs in the tropics, that is, from the equator to the Tropic of Capricorn in the south and from the Equator to the Tropic of Cancer in the north. Meteorologists use the word "tropical" to describe climates similar to those found in the tropics.
In fact, no part of Europe is ever completely free from rain or snow. The same is true of any other continent except North America. Even though South Africa has a desert center, it has large areas of forest and grassland, so its climate is really temperate.
The only truly tropical climates on Earth are found in the Amazon basin and on some islands near Australia. These are called wet tropical climates because they support dense vegetation which requires much more water than dry climates do.
Tropical climates are characterized by extremely high temperatures and very little variation in temperature over time. There may be differences between night and day, but not enough to have an impact on what happens during the rest of the year. It is possible to grow plants under these conditions, but they need to be watered regularly and protected from frost.
Most countries with tropical climates are also within the tropics themselves, so they experience two distinct seasons: a rainy season and a dry season.