The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23d 26' 22" (23.4394 degrees) south of the Equator and is the greatest southerly latitude where the sun may be seen directly above at midday. Because the earth's axis leans slightly to tilt on its orbit around the sun, we experience a range of seasons within the tropics. The capricorn tropic lies within tropical South America, so the region is situated between 0 and 11 degrees south of the equator.
The climate of the capricorn tropic is defined by its location within the tropics, which means that there is no real change in temperature throughout the year. It is always warm throughout the year, but the amount of heat varies depending on the number of sunshine hours you receive. For example, when the sun is out it can reach up to 40 degrees Celsius, but during the night time temperatures can drop below 20 degrees Celsius.
The best times to visit the capricorn tropic are from January to March, when it is hot outside and it isn't too humid; from May to August, when the weather is good and not too cold; and from September to November, when the days are getting shorter and it will start to get cold at night.
The Tropic of Capricorn (or the Southern Tropic) is the latitude circle containing the subsolar point during the December (or southern) solstice. On the June Solstice, it also reaches 90 degrees below the horizon at solar midnight. The Tropic of Cancer is its northern counterpart. They both pass over the equator at monthly intervals, but they are not exactly equal in size. The Tropic of Capricorn is about 15 miles (24 km) farther from the Earth's center than the Tropic of Cancer.
The word "solstice" comes from the Latin word for "sunstander", because during a solstice, the Sun is directly over the equator, standing still in the sky as it crosses the celestial equator on its way to reaching its maximum north-south distance from the Earth. At other times of the year, the Sun is either rising or setting.
The solstices and equinoxes occur when the Earth is closest to or farthest from the Sun. At other times of the year, the Earth is between the Sun and other stars, so only the planets are visible in the daytime sky. These periods are called seasons. Winter is the time when the Earth is closest to the Sun, so we have more daylight throughout the year. Summer is the time when the Earth is farthest from the Sun, so there is less daylight during most of the year.
The Tropic of Capricorn goes across Australia, Chile, southern Brazil (the only nation that travels through both the equator and a tropic), and northern South Africa. This is one of the two tropical zones on Earth, the other being the Arctic Circle.
These are the coordinates for the center of the circle: 15° S 79° W. The circle can be divided into four quarters, each of which contains half of the planets within it. The Equtatorium is located in the Southern Cross Quarter.
This quarter was named by Dutch explorers who came across it while sailing around the world. They called it "the cross" because it looks like a broken cross when seen from far away. The point where the legs of the cross meet is near the same latitude as Cape Town, South Africa. The Equtatorium is located close by.
People have been exploring and collecting minerals from the area since 1622, when Dutch sailors discovered gold when they hit rocks while looking for shelter after their ship got wrecked on its way to Indonesia. Until then, no one knew you could find gold in Brazil!
Even though people have been digging up minerals from this area for over 200 years, it's still possible to find hidden gems there.
The Tropic of Cancer is its northern counterpart. The Tropic of Capricorn is one of the five primary latitude circles depicted on maps of the Earth... all over the globe.
|Co-ordinates||Country, territory or ocean||Notes|
|23°26′S 55°38′W||Brazil||Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, and São Paulo states|
|23°26′S 45°2′W||Atlantic Ocean|
Cancer Tropic: 23.5 degrees north of the equator. Capricorn's Tropic is located 23.5 degrees south of the equator. Antarctic circle: 23.5 degrees south of the equator. The Antarctic Circle divides the southern hemisphere into two nearly identical regions by altitude: the Antarctic continent to the south and South America to the north.
The Antarctic Circle lies between 90 degrees east and west, which means that it lies in a plane containing both the Earth and Sun. At the same time, it cuts across the tropics, which are lines on the surface of the Earth parallel to the equator, dividing the Northern Hemisphere from the Southern Hemisphere. Any region within the tropics has a climate similar to that of the tropics as a whole; each region has temperatures relatively constant throughout the year, with only the amount of sunlight received changing the temperature significantly.
The Antarctic Circle passes through three countries: Antarctica, Chile, and Argentina. The territory of Chile contains most of the land near the circle: from 27th south to 60th south latitude. The province of Tierra del Fuego forms part of the border between Chile and Argentina. The remainder of the country is divided among several provinces, including Los Ríos and Valparaíso.
The city of Punta Arenas is the capital of the Chilean portion of the region.