Except for the poles, the sun rises due east and sets due west during the equinoxes (March 20/21 and September 22/23). The sun seems to travel from left to right in the Northern Hemisphere and from right to left in the Southern Hemisphere while facing the equator. The reason for this apparent contradiction is that the earth travels around the sun not the other way around. So in fact the sun never leaves the south but instead moves over the horizon.
During a solar eclipse, the moon passes between the earth and the sun blocking its light from reaching us. Because of this, eclipses are often used as astronomical events because they can reveal information about the structure of the Earth's atmosphere, the ocean, and other bodies where eclipses might occur. Total lunar eclipses are visible on all continents except Antarctica!
Lunar eclipses are visible on any continent except Antarctica. During a total lunar eclipse, the entire moon is covered by the shadow of the earth. Only the far side of the moon is exposed so there are no dark spots to sight like with a solar eclipse. All around the world, people see different things because the path of the moon across the sky varies depending on where it is seen from. For example, if you were watching from South America you would see something completely different than if you were watching from Europe.
The map below shows how regions all over the world view a total lunar eclipse.
Actually, the sun only rises directly east and sets due west twice a year—-on the spring and autumn equinoxes! At the summer solstice, the sun rises as far northeast as it ever does and sets as far northwest as it ever does. The sun rises a little more south every day after that. By the winter solstice, it has returned to its position near the celestial north pole.
During the rest of the year, it is daytime all day long with no sunset or sunrise.
The sun will rise some time between now and the spring equinox and set some time before now and not rise again until some time after the autumn equinox in another century or so.
During a total solar eclipse, only part of the sun is obscured by the moon. So even though it's completely dark outside, most people can see the partial eclipse. During a total lunar eclipse, the full moon passes through the shadow of the earth which covers the face of the moon. Only around half of it is brightened by the sun's glow reflected from the surface of the moon. The rest is hidden from view.
Lunar eclipses are visible on half of Earth. Where it's night, the eclipse will be visible as a red-colored area on the moon. Where it's the morning or afternoon, there is no eclipse.
You may have observed that the sun does not always rise and set in the same direction. So, where exactly does the sun rise and set? Though it rises from the east, it also moves somewhat north or south in the sky from day to day. So, the sun never sets in the same place twice! Rising in the east and setting in the west, the sun travels around the earth.
Now, this isn't exactly true. The sun doesn't travel around the earth, but rather around one of its own planets: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, or Neptune. The earth is part of the solar system, which is a part of galaxy, which is a part of universe. But let's keep things simple for now.
So, where does the sun go at night? Well, it's still there, it's just invisible because it's below the horizon.
The sun will eventually rise again tomorrow morning, but for now it's night time on planet Earth.
The rising and setting times vary slightly from day to day. The sun rises straight east and sets due west during the autumn equinox. It's highest in the sky at midday and lowest at midnight during the winter solstice. The spring equinox marks when the sun is directly north at its highest point in the sky and night and day are of equal length. The fall equinox marks the beginning of autumn and the dropping off of the summer season. The sun sets a little farther north every day after that until it reaches its northernmost point in the sky during the March equinox. From there it starts heading south again.
As far as the eye can see, everything around you is brightening up with the coming of dawn and fading into darkness with the setting of dusk. There are many things in nature that mark the passage of time for us humans - birthdays, anniversaries, holidays - but there is only one real marker in the sky that tells us when it's morning and when it's night: the sunrise and sunset. These events always happen at exactly the same time each day, whether it's 10 AM or 10 PM, whether it's light out or not. They never fail to amaze me!
Scientists have been recording observations of sunrises and sunsets for hundreds of years.
The Vernal Equinox occurs on March 21, when the sun shines directly over the Earth's equator. Night and day are precisely equal in both the northern and southern hemispheres on this day. The Sun advances towards the northern latitudes from March 21 until June 20 or 22. It then retreats back toward the south during the last week of September and first week of October.
In the northern hemisphere, the sun sets due west around midnight and doesn't rise again until about 9am the next morning. During the summer months in the Northern Hemisphere, there is only one period when the sun is not visible - at night. However, even at night, the moon always leaves a small crescent-shaped shadow where it passes over the earth. This is why nights seem to get longer as the month goes by - because the moon is getting closer.
In the winter north of the 40th parallel, the sun never rises beyond the horizon. In the summer south of the same line, it can go below the horizon for several hours at a time.
These are just the average times between sunrise and sunset at different locations across the planet. Because of the way landmasses block sunlight during certain periods of the year, there are also seasonal changes within regions that have no relation to their distance from the equator. For example, in the Arctic Ocean, the sun never sets during the summer months and stays above the horizon all day long.