Mercury is a silver-white, highly dense, heavy metal that is a liquid at ambient temperature. Mercury has a density of 13.5 g/mL, which is approximately 13.5 times denser than water (1.0 g/mL), therefore even a little amount of mercury feels very weighty.
Furthermore, because it is so light and flimsy, it will not sink in water; instead, it will float on top of the water.
Finally, mercury is toxic if it gets into your body. The only way to be sure that you do not have any of this substance in your body is to properly dispose of it.
If you think you may have contaminated property with mercury, call a hazardous material removal service immediately before proceeding with cleanup activities.
These are just some of the many things you should know about mercury. If you or someone you know has been exposed to this dangerous chemical, get help from an experienced mercury exposure lawyer right away.
Hirshon, Miller, et al. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Accessed May 3, 2019.
Physical Characteristics At normal temperature, mercury is a silvery-white, gleaming metal.
|Melting point, °C||−38.89|
|Boiling point at 101.3 kPa, °C||357.3|
|Density at 0°C, g/cm3||13.5956|
Physical characteristics Mercury is a silvery-white liquid metal that is heavy. It is a poor conductor of heat yet a good conductor of electricity when compared to other metals. The interior of mercury's planet is extremely hot because it is mostly made up of hydrogen and helium, two gases that are very energetic. Energy is released during radioactive decay and nuclear reactions, which power the planets including Mercury.
Mercury has only one satellite called Hermes which was discovered in 1801 by Johann Galle. It takes approximately 58 days for Mercury's rotation to complete one circle around its axis. Because Mercury is so small, one rotation is equivalent to going from the North Pole to the South Pole then back again. This means that it experiences over 12 hours of daylight and over 88 hours of darkness each month.
The average temperature on Mercury is 450 degrees Fahrenheit (230 degrees Celsius). However, the core of the planet is much hotter at almost 6,000 degrees Fahrenheit (3300 degrees Celsius). Most of the time, only a thin crust covers the inner part of the planet but sometimes cracks appear due to gravitational pressure. These cracks are usually filled with lava but occasionally water may fill them instead.
The entire surface of Mercury is covered in craters created by meteoroids and asteroids.
Because mercury has a high density, most other substances float in it. Metals such as nickel, iron, and copper fall into this category, as do mixed solids such as most forms of stone and organic materials such as plastics and wood. Liquids and gases with lower densities than mercury will also float in it. Examples include water, alcohol, air, and olive oil.
Sodium is a metal that people can eat. It does not harm humans or animals. It is found in saltwater, sodium is an important element for many processes in the body. It helps control blood pressure and heart rhythm, and it plays a role in nerve transmission. The term "salt" means "sodium chloride".
Sulfur is another element that people can eat. It is found in coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Sulfur is used to make chemicals and drugs including antibiotics and antiseizures. It also goes into products such as hot-water heaters, dry-cleaning fluids, and gasoline additives.
Phosphorus is another element that people can eat. It is found in food like meat, dairy products, vegetables, fish, nuts, and grains. Phosphorus is essential for healthy bones and teeth. It contributes to healthy immune systems and controls cell division.