Mercury is a silver-white, highly dense, heavy metal that is a liquid at ambient temperature. Mercury has a density of 13.5 g/mL, which is approximately 13.5 times denser than water (1.0 g/mL), therefore even a little amount of mercury feels very weighty. Liquid mercury is extremely dangerous and should be handled by trained professionals.
Although mercury is naturally occurring, it can also be produced synthetically. Most commonly, gold or other metals are added to charcoal or limestone to produce a mixture known as "mercury powder". This powder is then dissolved in acid to yield pure mercury (elemental mercury vapor is more reactive). Modern methods for producing mercury use electricity instead of heat, which reduces environmental contamination.
Elemental mercury is toxic if inhaled or ingested and can cause damage to the brain, kidneys, lungs, and liver. It is harmful even in small amounts because there is no safe level of exposure to mercury. Although mercury does not readily pass through the skin, it can enter the body through cuts, scratches, or bites marks. There are many products on the market containing mercury today that were used decades ago before safety regulations were put in place. If you have any kind of injury or cut that may have exposed you to mercury, call your doctor immediately so proper precautions can be taken.
Mercury is a metal with a density of 13.5 grams per cubic centimeter (0.49 pounds per cubic inch). This indicates that the density of mercury is around 13 times larger than the density of water. As a result, several items that sink in water will float on mercury, such as lead, silver, and steel. However, the opposite is not true - something that floats in water may not necessarily sink in mercury.
Lead was used for making ammunition, batteries, and other military equipment until it was banned in the 1970s due to its toxicity. Lead has no known beneficial uses and is extremely toxic to humans and animals. It can cause brain damage, mental retardation, hearing loss, and death.
Silver has many useful properties; for example, it is antibacterial, antifungal, and anesthetic. But because of its density (10 grams per cubic centimeter), it would only float at very low depths if at all. Silver is very toxic to humans and animals and can cause liver damage, memory problems, respiratory issues, and even death.
Steel has many useful applications including in tools, weapons, and buildings. It is also biodegradable and does not harm the environment when discarded. But this property makes it unsuitable for use in boats since the weight of the boat would be too much for the steel to support. Also, steel is very dense - 15 grams per cubic centimeter - so it would definitely sink in water.
Physical Characteristics At normal temperature, mercury is a silvery-white, gleaming metal.
|Melting point, °C||−38.89|
|Boiling point at 101.3 kPa, °C||357.3|
|Density at 0°C, g/cm3||13.5956|
Physical characteristics Mercury is a silvery-white liquid metal that is heavy. It is a poor conductor of heat yet a good conductor of electricity when compared to other metals. The interior of mercury's planet is extremely hot because it is mostly made up of hydrogen and helium with some carbon dioxide and traces of other gases. Holes through which gas escapes form over time near the surface where it can escape into space.
Yes, mercury is an element that is found in the planet Mars. It is the most abundant metallic element by mass in the Martian crust. The name "mercury" comes from Latin mercurius, meaning "of Mars," because this element was first discovered around 1582 by Anton van den Broek while working for James I of England. Modern methods of separation technology have improved upon this discovery; still, the best way to obtain high purity mercury is by mining it from ore deposits.
When astronomers look at the spectrum of light coming from planets outside our solar system they often see features due to various chemical elements present in those planets. By comparing the wavelengths of these features with those of known chemicals, they can identify the elements present. For example, features in the optical spectrum of the planet Venus that match the colors of arsenic, antimony, and silver were observed by Galileo Galilei in 1610.
At room temperature, mercury (element #80, symbol Hg) is a thick, heavy, silvery metallic element. Only three additional elements are liquid at or slightly above room temperature (bromine, cesium, and gallium). Pure mercury is generally found in conjunction with the ore material cinnabar....
Mineral forms of mercury are rare. The most common form is mercuric chloride, which is used as a fungicide and bactericide. Other forms include elemental mercury, or simply mercury.
Mercury is both a metal and a non-metal. Its physical properties are similar to those of iron but it is softer than steel. It is also more reactive than iron because of its softness and this makes it easy to remove from minerals through chemical dissolution.
In nature, mercury is found in two forms: organic and inorganic. Organic mercury is present in small amounts in some plants and animals, including fish. Inorganic mercury is found in deposits of volcanic ash. Volcanoes emit gases that contain different amounts of elemental mercury. When these gases condense into droplets of water, some of the mercury may sink down into the ground where it becomes part of rock salt deposits.
When you dig up soil, you are likely to find small quantities of mercury. This occurs because coal mines for example may use mercury to help control fungus in wood, and when the soil is disturbed, the mercury leaks out.
Because mercury has a high density, most other substances float in it. Metals such as nickel, iron, and copper fall into this category, as do mixed solids such as most forms of stone and organic materials such as plastics and wood. Liquids and gases with lower densities than mercury will also float in it. Examples include water, alcohol, oil, and air.
Sodium is a metal that does not occur alone in nature but is always combined with another element. Generally, the other element is chlorine, but uranium compounds are an exception; sodium is the only common metal that can replace uranium in many chemical compounds. Chlorine is an oxidizing agent that reacts with other elements to form salts or oxides. Sulfur is also an oxidizing agent that can be found in coal and petroleum products. When these two elements are combined, they form salt deposits through electrolysis (the process by which aluminum cans are created). Sodium thiosulfate (NaTSA) is used as a food additive and pesticide active ingredient. It is safe when used in low concentrations but is toxic if taken in large quantities. Heated sulfur evaporates easily and oxidizes metals. When exposed to oxygen, it converts completely to sulfate, which is harmless.
Gold is a precious metal. The term "precious" here means that it is rare and valuable. Gold is used in many products you use every day. For example, it is used for jewelry, artwork, dentistry, and electronics.