The Korean and Chinese zodiacs are nearly identical. The lunar calendar was formerly the foundation of Korean life, and festivals and joyous events are still centered on the moon's cycles. The years were represented by animals that followed one another in a predetermined arrangement, which was repeated every 12 years. These animals were the rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, and dog. Each year was associated with one of these animals.
In 527 AD, the imperial government of China adopted the solar calendar, which is used today in Korea too. But because of the popularity of the lunar calendar, many Koreans continue to follow the old system. Also, holidays and other public events are based on the lunar calendar, not the solar one.
Almost all aspects of Korean culture have some connection with the lunar calendar, including language, religion, art, music, food, and even science. For example, scientists use the lunar calendar to predict astronomical events such as novas, meteor showers, and eclipses.
Lunar-based celebrations include New Year's, Buddha's Birthday, Dragon Boat Festival, Andong Peony Festival, Andong Kimchi Festival, Chuseok (harvest festival), and Tomb Sweeping Day. Individuals try to align themselves with the most powerful animal each year, so they can achieve success in business or love.
The Zodiac was based on Chinese astrology and was used to tally the calendar's years, months, days, and hours. It was built up of two parts: the Celestial Stem and the Terrestrial Branch. The celestial stem included the eight main stars of the Bear Star Cluster, which changed position each year, while the terrestrial branch included the other 12 constellations that did not change position.
The zodiac was used by Chinese astronomers to calculate the start and end dates of each lunar month as well as the time between one lunar eclipse and the next. It was also used for fortune-telling and naming children.
The earliest evidence of the zodiac in China comes from about 250 BC. It was probably introduced to China by immigrant Indians who were working on the Great Wall. The first written reference to it is in a book called "Astronomical Calendar" which was written around AD 100. It says that the seasons and years can be calculated using the zodiac.
In the West, the zodiac became famous because of its use in predicting people's lives. It has been suggested that this originated in China where it was known as an important tool in forecasting events such as wars and floods.
With the development of mathematics and astronomy in the West, the importance of the zodiac declined until it was removed from modern calendars.
Chinese Zodiac | Religion The zodiac's history is based on the Chinese calendar, which is linked to Chinese astrology and ancient religion. Taoism was one of the faiths that impacted the zodiac. Taoists believed that each person was born with a unique spiritual path known as "the way". It was their job to help people find the way that was right for them.
The ancient religion of China had several different beliefs, but all involved some sort of afterlife with either heaven or hell depending on your actions in life. There were many deities, some good and some bad. To keep things balanced, they would often replace a male deity with a female counterpart. For example, the god of war was once replaced by a goddess named Wu Wang.
In addition to heaven and hell, there was also an ancestral worship system where people would pray for blessings from their loved ones who had already passed away. This type of prayer ceremony would include burning incense and writing letters for the dead to read.
Taoism and Buddhism both arrived in China around the same time from India. They both share similar beliefs such as karma (reputation debt) and the idea of reincarnation. However, while Taoism focuses more on the individual, Buddhism emphasizes the collective good over the rights of each person.
The Chinese zodiac is a 12-year mathematical cycle. Each animal represents a different year. People are identified with the animal of the zodiac for the year in which they were born. Rat, Ox, Cow, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Chicken, Dog, and Pig are the 12 animals in sequence. The pattern repeats itself after 12 years.
The idea behind this system is that people's traits and behaviors are like the traits and behaviors of the animals themselves. For example, rats are known for their quick wits and agility while horses are noble and loyal. By applying what it means to be a rat or a horse each year as you move through the zodiac, you will find that it matches what we know about humans quite well. For example, monkeys are said to be intelligent but impulsive while dogs are honest but weak.
In China, there are two versions of the Chinese zodiac. One version has 11 animals (with the addition of the Sheep and Boar patterns), while the other has 13 (with the omission of the Monkey pattern). Although both systems have the same basic characteristics, they don't match up 100 percent. For example, according to the 13-animal version, Monkeys should appear twice in the zodiac instead of once as they do in the 12-animal version. Because of this discrepancy, some scholars believe that the original version included 11 animals and that someone forgot to add the last one.
Japan's zodiac signs are directly taken from those of China. The only variation is that in Japan, the last animal is a boar, but in China, it is a pig. Since the lunar calendar was abandoned in 1872, the Chinese zodiac is computed using the Chinese lunar calendar, but Japan's is based on the solar calendar. Therefore, there is no real correlation between the two systems.
In fact, the Chinese zodiac is not considered valid in Japan. The Japanese astrology system is called Tokagogy or "the science of the stars." It has its origins in India where it was developed along with astronomy. In Japan, it became separate from astronomy and began to function as a social science in about 300 A.D. It was not until much later that it began to be used for predicting people's lives.
In any case, the Japanese have their own unique system that differs greatly from Western astrology. For example, in Western astrology, animals represent different types of people who have similar traits to what type is represented by the sign. For example, dogs are said to be loyal to their friends and loyal to their owners, pigs are dirty, etc. However, in Japan, each character represents a different trait. So, a dog will always be loyal, while a pig will be dirty depending on which school of Japanese astrology you follow.
It is also known as the Lunar calendar, Yin calendar, Xia calendar, or the traditional Chinese calendar. Each Chinese calendar year has a zodiac sign, 12 or 13 months, and 29 or 30 days in each month. A year has 354 or 355 days if there are 12 months; a year has 383 or 384 days if there are 13 months. The actual number of days in a year varies by exactly 1 day every 4 years because of our planet's orbit around the sun.
The length of the Chinese lunar calendar is about 354 to 356 days (depending on which year you start with). It is the longest calendar in use today, followed by the solar calendar and the Islamic calendar. The lunar calendar is based on the cycles of the moon, so it cannot be synchronized with the solar year, but rather it leads solar time by about 11 minutes 36 seconds every month. The error will accumulate over a decade before it becomes significant.
Lunar calendars were used throughout much of China prior to the introduction of the solar calendar in AD 556. They are still used in some parts of the world for religious ceremonies and at certain times during the year when it is important not to miss a lunation or waning crescent. The term "lunar calendar" is also often applied to any calendar not based on the solar year, such as the kalendae Romanum or Japanese calendar.