Venus, the third brightest object in the sky after the Sun and Moon, was named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty, Venus. It is the only planet that has been named after a female god.
The ancient Greeks called it Aphrodite's Child because they believed it to be the reborn spirit of Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love. In fact, the ancients thought that all planets, including Earth, had their own names until the early 20th century when this idea was abandoned in favor of calling them stars.
Today, scientists know that Venus actually consists of two distinct surfaces - one hot and dry, the other cold and wet - caused by differences in temperature and pressure. The name "Venus" comes from the Latin word for "wife", which reflects the belief that it is the same planet that orbits both Mars and Jupiter. Although this theory was proposed before astronomers knew about the other planets, it still gets mentioned today.
Before 1610, most people believed that the universe was infinite. So, how did scientists come up with a number for the amount of matter in the universe? They started with the mass of the star Sirius, which has been estimated at around 0.5 solar masses.
Venus is the planet closest to the Sun. It takes its name from the Roman goddess of love and beauty, Venus. The Earth orbits around the Sun, but Venus orbits closer than Earth, at about 84 million miles (135 million km). As a result, Venus experiences a very hostile environment; it has extremely high atmospheric pressure, temperature differences ranging from 500°F (260°C) in the clouds to -400°F (-240°C) on the surface.
The most important factor determining how close Venus can get to the Sun is called it's albedo, which means "the degree to which something is reflective". Albedo refers to the amount of light radiation a body reflects as compared to its total surface area. Albedo varies by body type; for example, white ice reflects more sunlight than black soil, which in turn reflects more sunlight than dark green vegetation. On Venus, the atmosphere blocks most of the sunlight that reaches the surface, so all areas are exposed to solar heat for a long time. Thus, any rock may become hot enough to melt or evaporate if it isn't covered by some kind of layer of ice or another highly reflective material.
In addition to being blocked by the atmosphere, most of the sunlight that does reach the surface is immediately reflected away again.
The planet Venus was named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty, Venus. The Roman god of battle was Mars. Jupiter was the Roman deity of kingship, and Saturn was the Roman god of agriculture. Uranus was discovered before Neptune, which was originally planned to be called "Saturnus." Pluto was the Roman god of death and the underworld.
Earth was known as Terra Mater, or Mother Earth. Moon was Luna, the Latin word for moon. Sun was Sol, the Latin word for sun. Stars were stella, the Latin word for star.
Mercury was the Greek messenger of the gods, and it's also the name of a planet that we call "midge" in English. Cupid is another name for Mercury.
Radium was first discovered by an American, Marie and Pierre Curie. Radium is derived from the Russian word for ray, because it emits light even after being burned. Radio comes from the French word for help, so radio means "that which helps ones work." Television came from the Greek word for view, because the first televisions were invented by Thomas Edison and he called his new invention "the phonograph." Computer technology evolved from computer programming, which in turn came from computers, which were first used for calculating artillery shells during World War II.
Venus is a terrestrial planet that is frequently referred to as "Earth's sister planet" due to their comparable size, mass, closeness to the Sun, and bulk composition. In other ways, it is vastly different from Earth. The atmosphere of Venus is a thick blanket of carbon dioxide (CO2), with extremely high temperatures. Its surface is covered by large bodies of water, which have a strong influence on its evolution and climate.
Although Venus is often described as having a terrible environment, this view does not reflect reality. Earth's environment is actually far worse: there is no oxygen on Venus, only CO2; the average temperature is 450 degrees Celsius (842 degrees Fahrenheit); there is no water on Earth, only hydrogen and oxygen; the average temperature is 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit).
It is wrong to say that Venus is the cruelest planet in our solar system. That title belongs to Mars, because it has conditions that would be very harmful to living things if they were not protected by its hard shell. Even though Venus' atmosphere is made up of 90% CO2, there might be air pockets inside this gas cloud where humans could survive.
Aphrodite and Venus The planet Venus is named after the Roman goddess of love and peace, Venus. The ancient Greeks called it Aphrodite's son Zeus in apposition to Hephaestus, who was known as Zeus' craftsman.
Modern science has confirmed that Venus actually originated as a huge red giant star which collapsed under its own weight, forming a super-dense object called a neutron star or black hole. The remaining mass of the star formed a new solar system that included Earth, but over time this planet became too cold for life as we know it. In about 575 million years Mars will be hit by Earth-crossing asteroids which may cause great damage to its environment, probably preventing any possibility of life as we know it surviving on that planet.
Thus we can see that although both planets have some features in common, they are still very different from each other. On Earth there is life as we know it, while on Venus there is no life as we know it - only heat-retaining volcanoes and carbon dioxide gasses.
The Greek gods were imaginary people who lived in heaven or on earth long before humans did. They were mostly half human, half animal and their behavior was often strange and unrealistic.