Jupiter, the ultimate god, was born from Saturn. Jupiter Optimus Maximus, which translates as "the finest and greatest," was his given name. He was the Roman mythology's father of the gods. Jupiter was the god of light and weather control. He is often depicted with a thunderbolt in one hand and a golden apple in the other.
What kind of apple? According to Roman mythology, it was the magical fruit that gave its owner the power to talk with birds and animals. The apple probably originated from an ancestral tree that grew near Zeus' palace on Mount Olympus. Only the gods were allowed to eat from this tree or else they would lose their divine powers.
When Jupiter reached puberty, his parents, Saturn and Juno, decided he should be married. They chose him a beautiful goddess named Minerva (which means "mind"). Jupiter loved her from the first moment he saw her. They had two children: Leda's daughter Helen and Poseidon's son Neptune.
Minerva was so jealous that she turned herself into a bird so she could watch Jupiter being loved by other women. But Jupiter knew what he was doing and never loved any other woman but Minerva. One day when Jupiter was fighting with Saturn about who was the most powerful king, they agreed to put their differences aside and fight using only their heads.
Jupiter's most prominent title was Jupiter Optimus Maximus, which meant "Best and Greatest" and denoted his status as the gods' father. Jupiter, the Etruscan monarchs' ancient, individualized deity, acquired a new home in the Republic. He was a deity of light, a victorious guardian, and the source of triumph. According to Roman mythology, Jupiter gave men reason to act with dignity and courage. He was also believed to be able to provide success in battle to those who prayed to him.
Jupiter is known for being very protective and giving people luck. He was also regarded as a great judge of character. If you did something wrong, you would be told about it by one of Jupiter's representatives (the gales). However, if you did something good, you would be given some form of reward from Jupiter. These could include prosperity, health, or victory in war.
In addition to being a protector, Jupiter was also seen as a guide. People would pray to him to learn what path to take in life or to get help finding someone. In times of need, they would call on his name to receive assistance from heaven.
Finally, Jupiter was thought to be able to give wisdom to those that asked for it. No one knew this better than the ancient Greeks. They believed that Jupiter had given Socrates the knowledge he used to endue Athens with its first democratic government.
Jupiter was worshiped more lavishly and often by the Romans than any other god. As a result, Jupiter worship is nearly monotheistic. Jupiter was the most powerful and most powerful of the gods, so much so that the Romans referred to him as Jupiter-Optimus-Maximus (Smith, 1867, p. 659).
Jupiter was originally an Italic deity who was brought to Rome by refugees from Campania, where he had already been adopted by the Latins. He was probably originally a storm god but was eventually assimilated into Latin culture. By the time the Romans arrived in Italy, Jupiter had already established himself as king of the gods and ruler of heaven. He was usually depicted as a big bearded man with a thunderbolt in his hand or standing on the world tree (which was sacred to him) with its roots in the earth and its trunk rising up into heaven.
In Roman mythology, only native Italians were allowed to be priests of Jupiter. But any foreigner who was willing to learn how to do this work could become a priest. The first four men who have been identified as such were from Campania - two Greeks and two Etruscans. However, many foreigners came to Rome as slaves and learned the trade of priesthood from their masters. They included Egyptians, Libyans, Ligians, and Syrians (Smith, 1867, pp. 658-659).
The chief altar to Jupiter was called the Capitoline.