Instead of eight kumbhakas, the yogi has described nine different kinds of kumbhakas. These include:
Kumbhaka means retention or confinement. In order to achieve kumbhaka, one must first restrain all the functions of the body and then retain them in a fixed posture. For example, if one wants to retain the breath, it is necessary to keep the throat closed so that no air can enter or leave the lungs. Then, once this fixation is achieved, it is possible to retrace one's steps back into the original source.
Maha kumbhaka involves retaining the mind in one place for an extended period of time. This requires great discipline and willpower because the mind is very powerful and tends to wander off wherever it pleases.
Mahakumbhaka is difficult to accomplish because one has to control the senses as well as the mind. If one is not careful, they may give away their intent by breathing in too much or speaking out loud.
Even after achieving mahakumbhaka, one still has to return back to earth (prakriti) to liberate others.
Raja yoga is the practice of relaxation and meditation to reach a state of consciousness called "raja". The term "raja" means "consciousness" or "awareness". So, raja yoga is the practice of relaxing the body and mind in order to reach a conscious state of awareness. It is based on the theory that all living beings have an eternal soul which is immortal and independent. This eternal soul is known as "atman" or "self", and it is the goal of any kind of spiritual practice.
Raja yoga was founded by Gorakhnath, a religious figure who lived in India around 1500 years ago. His teachings were written down by his followers and are still practiced today. They claim that through raja yoga one can realize God's love for us is infinite, and lead an enlightened life.
Gorakhnath believed that human beings are an expression of divine energy or "prana".
A yogi is a yoga practitioner, including a sannyasin, or meditation practitioner in Indian religions. The feminine version, yogini, is sometimes used in English. Other terms for a yoga practitioner include raja, jnani, and swami. In modern times, the word has become associated with any spiritualist who performs asanas (postures) to achieve spiritual goals.
Yoga is based on a system of physical postures (asanas), controlled breathing (pranayama) and meditation. It aims at achieving physical and mental fitness through stretching exercises and balancing body parts.
It originates from the Sanskrit words yuj, which means "to join" or "yoke", and yoga, which means "union" or "connection". Thus, yoga refers to the process of joining or connecting with one's inner self through meditation and awareness.
Today, the word "yogi" is used to refer to any spiritualist, especially one who practices yoga.
Furthermore, the word "yogi" is also used as a title, such as in the case of H.H. the Dalai Lama. He is often called "the Yogi Jamyang Khyentse".