Because Mercury revolves very slowly, all you need to do to survive is catch the moment when the daytime temperature shifts to the nighttime temperature, which should be anywhere between 800 oF and -290 oF. But, in any case, 90 seconds is approximately the most amount of time you could spend there. Otherwise, you'll die.
The human body can withstand a lot of things that would kill other animals. For example, elephants are killed by tigers for about 10 minutes maximum. Humans can live through much longer periods of intense pain or stress. However, mercury is different because its only source of contamination is industry. The more industries we have the more mercury they will release into the environment, so even if you are not directly exposed to it you still might be affected by its effects.
People who work with mercury every day should take special precautions to prevent it from being absorbed by their bodies. Even though it is unlikely that anyone could absorb enough mercury to hurt themselves or others, some studies have shown that those who work with this metal may have higher rates of disease than people who don't. For example, one study found that young men who worked with mercury had higher rates of autism than other young men.
The only way to be sure that you aren't hurting yourself or others is to avoid exposure as much as possible. This means working at companies that use clean technologies and voting for politicians who will ensure that new industries follow safe practices.
The temperature is 800 degrees Fahrenheit. Mercury's temperatures are quite high. During the day, surface temperatures can approach 800 degrees Fahrenheit (430 degrees Celsius). Because there is no atmosphere to keep the heat in, nighttime temperatures on the planet's surface can reach minus 290 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 180 degrees Celsius).
All things considered, it is a very warm planet!
However, because of its distance from the Sun, only a small part of Mercury is ever visible from Earth during any given period. If you were standing on the planet's surface at one location during a full orbit of Mercury, you would see all around you for about 80 miles (130 kilometers), but beyond that range the view would be dark. Since we can't see everything, this means that some areas of the planet are always in darkness.
Furthermore, because the planet spins on its axis every 58 days, these same regions will experience night each time Mercury is on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth.
So overall, the average temperature of Mercury is 400 degrees Fahrenheit (204 degrees Celsius). However, because it is always cold and dark outside its atmosphere, most of the planet is actually quite cold—hundreds of degrees below zero Fahrenheit (or negative 200 degrees Celsius).
There is evidence that suggests that parts of Mercury may have been as warm as 600 degrees F (315 degrees C) for periods in its history.
A Difficult Place to Live There is no indication of life on Mercury. Temperatures during the day can reach 430 degrees Celsius (800 degrees Fahrenheit) while at night can dip to -180 degrees Celsius (-290 degrees Fahrenheit). Life (as we know it) is unlikely to exist on this planet.
But Scientists Have Discovered Life On Other Stars Life may not be abundant on Mercury, but it's certainly not rare either. Astronomers have discovered evidence for life on other stars in our galaxy. They found these signs by looking for chemicals called "Oceans" and "Lakes" on these other planets. Oceans are bodies of water that contain salt. Lakes are relatively small oceans within a continent. Evidence of Earth's oceans and lakes was also found on Venus, Mars, and Io (a moon of Jupiter). These findings show that oceans and lakes may not be unique to Earth. They could also exist on some of the other planets in our galaxy!
Scientists think Earth-like planets are common and there might be others with conditions suitable for life. If so, then maybe life arose on many such planets, but it has also been suggested that it may have arisen only once.
Our Sun Will One Day Explode Life on Mercury or any other planet will be destroyed in this event. But because Earth is a Planet Not a Star it will be protected from the heat of the Sun when it explodes.
Mercury is uninhabitable because it lacks an atmosphere and has temperatures ranging from 212 to 1,292 degrees Fahrenheit (100 to 700 degrees Celsius). Even if mercury's surface was habitable, the lack of air would make breathing difficult. The only organisms that could possibly live on mercury are those that use its unique properties for survival - such as thermometers used by astronauts when they explore space.
However, this does not mean that the planet is completely void of life. NASA claims that "although we have no evidence of life on Mercury, there is a good chance that it exists there under different conditions than on Earth," thanks to its proximity to the Sun. Solar radiation causes major changes in Mercury's environment, which may have allowed for evolution to occur there. The fact that we haven't found any evidence of life there yet does not mean that it cannot be done so.
In conclusion, Mercury is unlivable due to its hostile environment. There is no oxygen on Mercury, which means that humans could not survive there without some kind of assistance. The temperature variations between day and night, along with the intense radiation from the Sun, would cause anyone living there to die within a few months.
Mercury completes five cycles around the sun in 440 days. It takes 87.5 years for mercury to make one full rotation around the sun.
The average distance of Mercury from the Sun is 59 million km (37 million miles). At this distance, sunlight strikes the planet at a rate of 500 watts per square meter (5,778 W/m²), enough energy to power any surface activity for about three weeks. However, because most of this energy is received from the parent star during its closest approach to Mercury, only parts of the planet are exposed to this intense heat at any given time. The hottest spot on Mercury is called the Chariot, which is located in northern Mercury near the orbital path of Venus. Here, temperatures can reach 450°C (890°F). All other areas of Mercury vary in temperature between 150°C and 300°C (310°F and 550°F).
It is estimated that if all the water on Earth were to be evaporated, the remaining material would still not be enough to cover Mercury's surface with an ocean half as deep as Earth's. This shows how much water Mercury has, but it doesn't tell us how much ice may be buried under its crust.
88-day period This is due to Mercury's spin around its axis lasting 59 days and its orbit around the Sun taking 88 days. Surprisingly, 59 is precisely two-thirds of 88. This means that every time Mercury orbits the Sun, it travels in a straight line for about 61 miles (98 km) before turning back toward the Sun. The reason why this happens is because the Earth forces Mercury's orbit outward when it is near perihelion (the closest point to the Sun) and pulls it inward when it is near aphelion (the most distant point from the Sun).
Mercury rotates on its axis every 58 hours and 56 minutes, giving it the fastest rotation of all the planets except for Earth. Because of this rapid rotation, each hour on Mercury is nearly like an entire day on Earth!
The average distance between the Earth and Mercury is about 36 million miles (58 million km), so they take approximately 87.9 days to complete one orbit around the Sun. But because Mercury has only 12 months to go around the Sun once, we can say that it takes Mercury about 88 days to go from one spring equinox to the next. During this time, it goes from being night-time over half of the planet to daytime over half of the planet, then back again.