Each latitude degree is roughly 69 miles (111 kilometers) apart. The distance is 68.703 miles at the equator (112.05 kilometers). The distance between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn (23.5 degrees north and south) is 68.94 miles (110.948 kilometers). Between the Poles itself is only 1 mile (1.6 kilometers).
At the North Pole, a degree of latitude is about 90 feet (27 meters), while at the South Pole it's 6 inches (15 centimeters).
A degree of longitude is about 111 miles (179 kilometers), but the exact figure varies depending on where you are on Earth. At the North Pole, a degree of longitude is about 9 miles (14 kilometers); at the South Pole, it's 6 miles (10 kilometers).
In conclusion, each degree of latitude covers about 69 miles, and each degree of longitude covers about 111 miles.
Around 69 miles Each latitude degree is roughly 69 miles (111 kilometers) apart. The range varies from 68.703 miles (110.567 km) at the equator to 69.407 miles (111.699 km) at the poles (owing to the earth's somewhat elliptical form).
A degree is the angle at which the compass needle points on a circle of one degree radius, so it is the same distance around that circle. A degree is divided into 15 minutes for angles up to 60 degrees, into 5 minutes for angles between 60 and 90 degrees, and into 10 seconds for angles greater than 90 degrees.
The term "latitude" comes from the Latin word for north, latus. The name was originally given to the parallel lines of longitude crossing the globe from west to east. These are also called meridians. The word latitude itself came into use in the 16th century, based on an earlier Greek word meaning level, like a flat surface or plane.
At the North Pole, there are no hours of daylight or darkness because the sun is always directly above the pole star (Polaris). At the South Pole, there are 24 hours of daylight but no night because the sun is always below the horizon.
These two places are the only ones where you could say that there is no latitude or longitude.
This is advantageous because one [nautical] mile equals one minute (1/60th of a degree).
One nautical mile is defined as the length of a straight line between two points on the surface of Earth directly opposite one another - for example, between North America and Europe. But the actual distance between these locations is much farther - about 4,850 miles (8,185 km) - due to wind speed and direction, as well as other factors.
Since each degree is about 69 miles (111 km), then if we know the latitude of any point on Earth's surface, we can calculate the distance between that point and the nearest parallel or meridian - that is, the distance along the ground from that point to the nearest geographical pole or equator.
For example, let's say we want to find out how far south Florida is from Greenwich, England. Florida has 30 degrees north latitude, while Greenwich has 50 degrees north latitude. Therefore, the distance between Florida and Greenwich is 60 degrees north-south - that is, half the length of a circle with their coordinates centered on each other.
The great circle distance between Florida and Greenwich is 5,000 miles (8,056 km).
Because degrees of latitude are parallel, the distance between each degree is nearly constant; but, because degrees of longitude are widest apart at the equator and converge at the poles, the distance between them fluctuates substantially. At the equator, this distance is about 7,900 feet (2,500 meters); at the poles, it is about 7 miles (11 kilometers).
Degrees of latitude are used to describe the location of a place on the surface of Earth. Because all places in the same region are at approximately the same altitude, they can be referenced by their relative position to some fixed point within that region- for example, by their relationship to the North Pole or South Pole.
There are 90 degrees of latitude on Earth's surface. From north to south, they span from 66 degrees North to 34 degrees North. From east to west, they span from 23 degrees East to 153 degrees East.
The term "degree of longitude" refers to a division of the globe along its longitudinal axis.
With a distance of 69.172 miles, a degree of longitude is at its broadest near the equator (111.321 kilometers). As they approach the poles, the space between them steadily reduces to zero. The distance between one degree of longitude at 40 degrees north or south is 53 miles (85 kilometers). At 90 degrees north or south it is 23 miles (37 kilometers).
At the North Pole, a degree of longitude is about 111 miles (180 kilometers), while at the South Pole, it's only 71 miles (116 kilometers).
A degree of latitude is about 59 miles (95 kilometers) at the equator and decreases toward the poles: at 40 degrees north, it's 9 miles (15 kilometers); at 50 degrees, 5 miles (8 kilometers); at 60 degrees, 2 miles (3 kilometers); and at 70 degrees, 1 mile (1.6 kilometers).
At the North Pole, a degree of latitude is only 3 miles (5 kilometers), while at the South Pole, it's 27 miles (45 kilometers).
In conclusion, one degree on the compass rose is about 59 miles (95 kilometers) at the equator and decreases toward the poles: at 40 degrees north, it's 9 miles (15 kilometers); at 50 degrees, 5 miles (8 kilometers); at 60 degrees, 2 miles (3 kilometers); and at 70 degrees, 1 mile (1.6 kilometers).