The route to enlightenment is the one that leads to the end of suffering. Our wants and expectations of how life should be lead to suffering. Nirvana is attained via meditation and the practice of altering our thinking and behavior patterns so that our thoughts and emotions are not ruled by our cravings for satisfaction.
Enlightenment is a state of consciousness in which the individual is free from the cycle of death and rebirth. As far as we know, only deities and enlightened humans are capable of achieving this state. Do not be surprised if it turns out that enlightenment is an all-or-nothing phenomenon; either you are enlightened or you aren't. There is no middle ground in between.
What is the difference between Buddhism and Hinduism? Buddhism can be thought of as the "path" approach while Hinduism is the "essence" approach. In other words, Buddhism focuses on accomplishing something by following a set of steps, whereas Hinduism focuses more on finding your true self, whatever that may be. Both Buddhism and Hinduism focus on the quest for happiness and aim to remove suffering, but they take different routes toward that goal.
Buddha was a Buddhist monk who lived in what is now Nepal over 2,500 years ago. He taught people how to stop killing themselves through war and violence and showed them a different way to achieve inner peace and happiness. His teachings spread across Asia where they remain important parts of many cultures today.
This halting was nirvana. As a result, Nirvana was seen as a condition of absence, namely the absence of pain. What remained in the state of nirvana has been the topic of much debate throughout the tradition's history, however it has been defined as bliss—unchanging, secure, and unconditioned. It has also been called "radiance", "light", "illumination", and "awakening".
The Buddha did not explain exactly what happens to the mind after it reaches nirvana. He only said that it is no longer afflicted by greed, hatred, and ignorance. However, many teachers have since come forward with theories about what happens to the mind after death – some saying it continues to exist in some way while others saying it does not.
In any case, the fact that he didn't discuss it further indicates that it was not important for him to describe the exact nature of this state. What is important is that everyone reach it. The Buddha taught several methods for doing so including meditation, morality, and wisdom. He also gave his followers opportunities to question him about the details of nirvana during his many travels through India. Many people took him up on this offer and asked about various aspects of the afterlife including where spirits go after death, how long they remain there, and so forth. The Buddha always had interesting answers to these questions.
Nirvana, like paradise, is a realm of ultimate serenity and bliss. In Hinduism and Buddhism, nirvana is the ultimate state that a human may achieve, a state of enlightenment in which all of a person's unique wants and suffering are removed. Achieving nirvana entails letting go of worldly emotions such as misery and desire. It also requires dispelling the delusion that one is the body, perceiving that it is just a physical phenomenon that can be lost or found. The path to nirvana is not easy, but with practice, anyone can realize its benefits.
Paradise and nirvana have many similarities. Both are perfect states of being where everyone enjoys complete peace and happiness. However, while paradise is an eternal state, nirvana can be achieved during this lifetime because it requires reaching enlightenment.
Both paradises and nirvanas are free from evil and suffering. There are no wars, crime, or poverty in either paradise or nirvana. The only action permitted in both cases is an act of will/consciousness that creates something new. Humans can choose whether they want to live in paradise or nirvana, but they can't change their nature which causes them to experience evil and happiness at the same time.
People often think that paradise and nirvana are permanent states that we will never escape from. But the truth is that they are both temporary conditions that exist within our own mind.
In Hinduism and Buddhism, nirvana is the ultimate state one may achieve, a state of enlightenment in which one's particular wants and suffering cease. The goal of achieving nirvana is to eliminate worldly emotions such as misery and desire.
In traditional Indian poetry, nirvana is described as a state of eternal peace and happiness achieved by removing oneself from the cycle of death and rebirth. Modern scholars have argued that the ancient Indians did not have a concept of eternal life after death, but only liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth. However, many modern scholars believe that ancient Indians may have had a belief in an afterlife with a supreme being who rules over it, just not one defined using the term "eternal".
In Buddhism, nirvana is the extinction of craving, anger, delusion, and anxiety along with their causes and conditions. It is seen as the highest good, freedom from suffering. As with other teachings of Buddhism, the path to nirvana varies depending on how much faith a person has. For those without faith, there is no hope for salvation because nothing can be done to extinguish greed, anger, ignorance, and delusion. Only people with faith in the Buddha and his teaching will seek him out and find salvation. Those who do so will be able to extinguish their cravings and reach nirvana.