How does the myth explain the seasons changing? Proserpina travels with Pluto in the fall and winter, Ceres is sorrowful, and everything dies. Proserpina is with Ceres in the spring and summer, and Ceres is joyful, thus the plants thrive.
Ceres was one of the Twelve Olympians. She represented agriculture and fruit trees. Her symbols were wheat and olive trees. According to some sources, her siblings were Jupiter, Mars, Luna (the Moon), and Quirinus.
Proserpina is a Latin goddess associated with fertility. Her symbols were cornucopia (a horned bowl used for offering food to the gods) and a pomegranate tree. According to some sources, her siblings were Pluto, Neptune, and Vesta.
Pluto is the god of the underworld in Ancient Greek religion. In addition to being the god of death, Hades, and the dead, he was also known as a ruler of the underworld, a judge, and a teacher of wisdom. He had many titles including Neoterus, Eirene, Rhadamanthys, Thales, Phlegethon, Alectryon, Pemphredo, Cocytus, Syrinx, Tethys, Eleutheros, Eileithyia, and Metis.
When winter arrives, the Earth becomes cold and barren because Proserpina resides in the underworld with Pluto and her mother hides in a cave to mourn. Ceres, the goddess of grain, transforms the earth into spring and summer when her daughter comes to her.
Proserpina is the daughter of Ceres (grain) and Jupiter (king). Her name means "provider" or "one who supplies". In ancient Roman religion, Proserpina was one of the many names of Venus. She was called "the tender goddess" and "the beautiful one".
In art, music, and literature, Venus often represents love, beauty, pleasure, sexuality, and fertility. She is also associated with marriage and childbirth. This is probably why Venus' symbols are so relevant today: the heart and the hand mirroring the human body. Love is represented by the heart because it is said that its rhythm is similar to that of the heart. Hand mirrors are used because we like to see ourselves attractive; therefore, representing beauty.
Venus was especially important to women because she represented love and marriage. Women would pray to Venus for love and happiness. Sometimes they would even sacrifice animals to appease her because they believed she could be swayed by good food and wine.
The Romans observed a festival in her honor on 5 May.
4 Myths About the Changing Seasons at the End of Winter
Proserpina's story was historically used to explain why the seasons change. Proserpina, also known as Persephone in Greek mythology, is an ancient Roman goddess who was abducted by Hades, the god of the underworld, after eating forbidden pomegranate seeds. If she did not eat the seeds, she would be free to return home during daylight hours. Because dawn comes so quickly, she had only four hours to enjoy herself with her friends and family before having to leave again for her nightly trip down into the darkness where she would remain until sunset, when she returned to her mother's side for a few hours before having to go back down again. Eating the seeds caused her to neglect her duties as a daughter to Zeus and made her available for capture when Hades came looking for a bride.
Zeus was so angry that he withheld the sunlight from Greece for three years, which is how spring came around so quickly each year. The other myths and stories surrounding Proserpina are similar to those of other sacred feminine figures such as Isis and Demeter. She has become associated with fertility because she is said to have eaten by Hades, who controls death, and thus brought new life every night. Her abduction explained why there is danger associated with exposing young girls to television or movies; if they watch too many horror films, then they will believe that they can be kidnapped by strange men after eating pomegranates like Proserpina!
What causes the changing of the seasons? The Earth's core's warming and cooling The tilt of the Earth with reference to the sun causes the average distance between the Earth and the Sun to vary over time. As this distance increases during a solar eclipse and decreases during a lunar eclipse, these events are called astronomical seasons. Geological evidence shows that deep within the core of the Earth there is a constant temperature change from the center to the surface that lasts for about six months at a time. This is because parts of the core is still molten rock which flows downward toward the surface.
The tilt of the Earth's axis is not fixed: it changes over time due to gravitational forces acting on the core. The direction of this tilt determines how much of the northern hemisphere is covered by snow and ice in winter and how much of it is exposed in summer. If the tilt were zero degrees, then the entire planet would be frozen over all the time. In fact, the tilt is about 23.5 degrees, so it doesn't fit perfectly with either winter or summer - but that's why we have seasons!
As the Earth's core warms it expands and as it cools it contracts.