Hold your breath for a second and try not to move. You will float at around eye level to hairline level if correctly weighted for neutral buoyancy (Photo 1). When you completely exhale, you should submerge. If you don't feel like you can hold your breath for as long as needed, then you need more weight (Photos 2 and 3).
There are several methods used by scuba divers to determine their weight balance while underwater so they can adjust it if necessary to achieve neutral buoyancy. The three main methods are to use lead weights, fluid-filled corsets, or gas-filled corsets.
Lead weights are the most common method of achieving neutral buoyancy. One must weigh less than one wants to swim and add more weight until reaching desired total mass. For example, if a person weighs 70 kg (154 lb) then they would need to add 10 kg (22 lb) of lead to be able to swim.
Fluid-filled corsets are used by those who want to be slightly heavier or lighter than neutrally buoyant. A fluid-filled corset consists of two sections of rigid material with an air gap between them. As the diver inhales, the pressure inside the corset increases which causes the air gap to narrow, thus allowing more space for the lungs.
Float on your back in the water. You should be positively buoyant with your lungs full of air. Take short breathes, filling your lungs halfway. If you exhale and begin to sink, your body will be thicker than the water, making you negatively buoyant.
Negatively buoyant people are less likely to drown because they're not sinking fast enough to inhale water. Instead, they float at the surface waiting for help. Even though they appear lifeless, they are still alive.
People who are positively buoyant may swim better than those who are negatively buoyant because they aren't forced to struggle just to stay afloat.
Try taking a deep breath and holding it in your lungs. Your lungs function similarly to balloons, assisting you to float on the water. As a result, people tend to float from their chests and sink to their feet. Taking a deeper breath will only aid you in your desire to float!
The more air you can breathe in, the more buoyant you will become. So take a few deep breaths and feel how much easier it is to stay afloat.
Negatively buoyant objects sink because they have more mass than water. Mass is the force of gravity multiplied by the object's volume. For example, a rock has more mass than water, so it will always sink to the bottom of a lake or pond. Objects that are positively buoyant have less mass than water and thus will rise to the surface.
Things that are negatively buoyant include rocks, shells, ice, and furniture. Floats such as inner tubes, air mattresses, and flotation devices help individuals who are negatively buoyant remain afloat until help arrives.
In conclusion, floats make floating easier because they give you something to lift yourself up with. If you're not buoyant enough to keep rising, then you need a floatation device. There are many ways to be floatable including life jackets, inner tubes, and air mattresses.
Here are five buoyancy control strategies to help you feel completely weightless on your next dive trip.
Ten Tips for Improving Buoyancy Control