Kim Il-birth sung's year, 1912 in the Gregorian calendar, became "Juche 1" in the North Korean calendar. As a result, the current year, 2021, is "Juche 110," the following year, 2022, is "Juche 111," and so on. The calendar went into effect on September 9, 1997, the Day of the Republic's Foundation.
There are several ways that people choose to refer to the year corresponding with Juche 1, 1912. They include: "The Year of Kim Il-song," "1912," or just "1997."
In addition to its president, the country also has two other important positions: chief state ideologist and commander in chief of the armed forces. These individuals hold significant power within North Korea because they can determine what will become national policy. In addition, they receive protection from potential challengers because only one person can be elected to these posts at a time.
It is common for political leaders to change position occasionally. For example, Kim Jong-il was both president and chairman of the National Defense Commission before becoming leader of North Korea in 1994. He continued to hold both posts simultaneously until his death in 2011. Afterward, no single individual was appointed to both posts simultaneously; instead, there were three consecutive appointments of chiefs who did not hold any other post within the government system. This means that there were three different people who held the highest rank in the military as well as responsibility for foreign relations and national ideology.
The Day of the Sun, commonly known as the Juche New Year, is the most important date in North Korea. Every year, our excursions attend the celebrations! The Juche calendar's parameters were defined on August 25, 1997, and the Juche calendar went into formal use on September 9, 1997, North Korea's founding day. It replaces the old Korean calendar.
The first thing you should know about the Day of the Sun is that it is not a public holiday. Instead, it is a working day when many activities take place throughout the country. These include mass games performances, rallies, and speeches by top leaders.
Also called "International Workers' Day", this event takes place every year on May 1st. Although it has been celebrated for many years now, it was only in 2008 that North Korea's government declared it a national holiday. It is probably used by officials to show how modern and advanced their country is compared to other countries.
Now, you might be wondering where we got these information from? Well, we have several sources for each item listed here. First, we will talk about when the Day of the Sun was established, who defines its parameters, and how it is calculated. Then, we will discuss what happens on this day in North Korea and around the world.
In conclusion, we will answer some common questions that people ask about the Day of the Sun.
From 1945 to 1961, Gregorian calendar years in South Korea were calculated from the establishment of Gojoseon in 2333 BC (considered as year one), the date of the fabled creation of Korea by Dangun; hence, these Dangi (dangi/Hanja: Tan Ji) years were 4278 to 4294. In 1962, the Korean government adopted the lunar calendar, which has been used ever since.
The solar and lunar calendars do not match up perfectly, so every four years or so, there is a new moon after new or full moons during the same season. When this happens, we have a new lunar year. The first new moon after January 1 is called "Proclamation of a New Year", and it begins with the coming of spring and signals the beginning of a new period for people to honor their ancestors. It is also a good time to begin any business that requires fresh starts, such as new projects or new employees.
Lunar months vary between 29 and 30 days, depending on how many full moons fall within a given year. A year will always have 12 lunar months, but sometimes there are 13 due to the presence of the intercalary day. Since 1945, there have been 13 lunar months in only two years: 16 and 17 days in 1959 and 1960.
Lunar years vary between 354 and 355 days, because of the presence of the intercalary day.