Viewing in the morning necessitates a clear view of the eastern horizon. Try to catch a glimpse of the planet an hour or so before sunrise. Although Mercury can shine brightly, the light of dawn soon overpowers it. The angle of the ecliptic has a large impact on how high Mercury rises above the horizon. When it is near its highest point in its orbit (about 0 degrees), it can be as high as half-risen if it is morning in the Earth's hemisphere where it is located.
If you are lucky enough to be watching when Mercury reaches its maximum distance from the Sun (called "perihelion"), you will see that it grows brighter as it approaches darkness. This is because more sunlight is falling on it for as long as it remains in sight. When it disappears behind the Sun, you will no longer be able to see it until the next time it reaches perihelion.
The best place to look with the hope of seeing Mercury is in the early morning or late evening sky, when it can rise over the eastern or western horizons respectively. It's very difficult to see without optical aid because it does not stand out from the rest of the stars in the night sky.
However, with a small telescope you should be able to make out some features on the planet. If you are observing from far away, you may need a telescope with a wide field of view to include all of Mercury in your image.
Because the orbit of the outer planet lies outside of Earth's orbit, it may be seen at any time of day or night. There is a maximum angle in the sky between the Sun and the planet, which occurs when the planet subtends a right angle between Earth and the Sun. This happens every 6 months, when Mercury is in the morning or evening constellation Aries or Pisces.
The best times to observe Mercury are shortly after dawn and before dusk. At these times, you have the chance of seeing the planet rising over the eastern horizon or setting beneath the western one.
From mid-August to mid-March, when Earth is located between the Sun and Mercury, the latter planet will disappear from sight every night for about 75 days. But during this period there is always at least one night when Mercury will not be obscured by the Sun.
Occasionally, observers may see evidence of another planet passing in front of Mercury. If you look carefully at the faintest stars near the planet when it is behind Earth, you will see that some of them are missing—they have gone out of view as Mercury crosses the face of Earth!
This phenomenon is called "astronomical occultation". It can only happen during a total solar eclipse when the path of totality passes through Earth's atmosphere.
Jupiter will be at opposition on August 19, meaning it will be visible whenever the sky is dark, peaking about midnight. It currently burns directly on the Capricorn-Aquarius equinox, and appears early in the evening twilight, but it's still somewhat low in the southeast.
Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system and by far the most massive body beyond the Earth's atmosphere. It has been estimated to contain more than $180$ billion worth of material for its mass. Its diameter is approximately 10,000 miles, which makes it larger than all but the biggest stars. It has four large moons: Io, Ganymede, Europa, and Callisto.
Io is the only moon that orbits completely around Jupiter. The other three are trapped within Jupiter's strong gravitational field and orbit him along with the rest of the Galilean satellites. Their periods range from 5.2 days for Europa to 16 hours for Ganymede.
Jupiter is so large that it dominates the night sky and acts as a natural light bulb, shining by reflecting sunlight back towards Earth. It can also influence life on other planets by creating weather systems on Earth-like worlds or by blocking out enough sunlight for an Earth-like world to freeze over.
The ancient Greeks called Jupiter "Zeus" after their king in what we know today as Iraq.
Find a place with a clear view of the sky, such as a field or a park. Jupiter and Saturn are bright enough to be seen from most cities. Look to the southwest sky one hour after sunset. Jupiter will appear like a brilliant star and will be plainly visible. Saturn will also be easy to see.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from Earth and the largest planet in the Solar System. It has been described as a gas giant, but it also has an internal structure of ice and rock. These features have been inferred from observations made by NASA's Galileo spacecraft, which performed five flybys between 1999 and 2003. The data from these encounters has helped scientists understand how Jupiter forms and evolves its great splendor.
Galileo revealed that Jupiter has eight major moons: Io, Europa, Gaea, Metis, Daphne, Carme, Menelaus, and Thalassa. Of these, four (Io, Europa, Gaea, and Carme) are large enough to support significant amounts of water ice.
The Galileosatellites were discovered by Galileo himself in 1610. He was trying to find Earth-like planets using the gravitational pull they created when moving through space. During this attempt, he also found four larger objects that he called "stars". Today, these objects are known as galaxies outside our own Milky Way galaxy, and they are still being discovered today.