This plaza just outside Santiago is located near the 23.5 degree north parallel, which denotes the northernmost of three major latitude circles that cross the globe: the equator in the center, the Tropic of Capricorn in the south, and the Tropic of Cancer in the north, which passes through Mexico, the tropics, and the Andes. The term "tropical" here refers to the climate, not the island of Trinidad that lies within the Caribbean Sea off Venezuela's coast.
The park is surrounded by beautiful colonial buildings. It was built as a church but later became a cathedral when Chile became a nation state. Now it is a public museum with interesting exhibits on South American culture and history.
The festival held here every year on January 1 marks the beginning of a new year for Chilean farmers. It is called "El Día del Maíz" or "Bread Day". During this holiday people eat bread made from corn, which is one of Chile's main crops. Also grown extensively in Chile are tomatoes, potatoes, beans, and carrots.
Chile is one of only two countries in South America (the other being Uruguay) where wine is produced commercially. However, most of the wine sold in Chile is actually imported from Spain or France. There are also small scale vineyards in the central valley near San Fernando.
In conclusion, Chile is a country in South America with a population of 17 million people.
The Tropic of Cancer is its northern counterpart. The Tropic of Capricorn is one of the five major latitude circles marked on maps of the Earth... all over the world.
|Co-ordinates||Country, territory or ocean||Notes|
|23°26′S 55°38′W||Brazil||Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, and São Paulo states|
|23°26′S 45°2′W||Atlantic Ocean|
The Tropic of Capricorn (or the Southern Tropic) is the latitude circle containing the subsolar point during the December (or southern) solstice. As a result, it is the southernmost latitude at which the sun may be viewed straight overhead. On the June Solstice, it also reaches 90 degrees below the horizon at solar midnight. The term "tropic" here refers to the fact that the Sun is directly over the equator, at its highest point in the sky, as it enters the sign of Capricorn.
The Sun never actually leaves the tropics, but instead passes directly from the tropical into the temperate zone, and finally into the polar region. Because of this, only three places on Earth can claim to have witnessed the Sun's total disappearance beneath the horizon: in the Antarctic, at the South Pole; and in either the Arctic or Antarctic, at both poles. These are the only two places on Earth where one can see all directions simultaneously from every point on the surface.
At the moment of maximum darkness near solar midnight, when the Sun has dipped beneath the horizon, objects south of the equator become illuminated by moonlight, while those north of the equator remain in darkness. At local noon, when the Sun is directly over the equator, both the south and north are equally exposed to direct sunlight. During a day with an equatorial orbit, the Sun will therefore travel 30 degrees west of due north each hour that it remains above the horizon.
On a map of the Earth, the Tropic of Capricorn, often known as the Southern Tropic, is one of the five primary circles of latitude. It is 23 degrees 26 minutes and 22 seconds south of the Equator. Countries across which the Tropic of Capricorn passes The Tropic of Capricorn is home to ten countries, three continents, and three bodies of water. Argentina, Brazil, and Chile are in South America. Paraguay, Uruguay, and Florida are in North America. Australia and New Zealand are in Oceania.
The Tropic of Capricorn runs through southern Brazil, extending inland for hundreds of miles. It crosses into Argentina near the city of San Salvador de Tucumán and continues on to Chile at Puerto Montt. This is a very important line on any map of South America because it divides the northern from the southern continent.
The Cancer Tropic is located 23.5 degrees north of the equator. The Tropic of Capricorn is 23.5 degrees south of the equator. The Antarctic circle is located 23.5 degrees south of the equator. Therefore, the Capricorn tropic is south of the antarctic circle.
Aside from the equator (0 degrees), the North Pole (90 degrees North), and the South Pole (90 degrees South), there are four notable latitude parallels: I the Cancer Tropic (23 1/2 deg N) in the Northern Hemisphere. (ii) in the Southern Hemisphere, the Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 deg S). These two parallels are called the Tropical Latitudes. All points between them are called Polar Regions.
The Cancer Tropic is a circle on which all the planets, except Mercury, orbit around the Earth. It is the only tropical zone on Earth that lies within any country other than Indonesia. It extends from 23° 30' N to 15° 18' N, which is half way between the North and South Poles.
The Cancer River is one of the three major rivers of India. It is also known as the Ganga or Gangajalu. Its source is in the Himalaya Mountains and it flows through Nepal and Bangladesh before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
Cancer is a sign of life and death. It is said that if you see your doctor after being diagnosed with cancer, you will die within six months. But if you don't see your doctor for several years, you might be surprised by how well you're doing.
The goddess Cancer is the protectress of doctors and nurses. Her symbols are the crab and the snake, which provide protection from venomous creatures.
The Tropic of Cancer is its northern counterpart. They both lie in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Brazil.
The term "southern" refers to the fact that the sun is directly over the equator at mid-winter, making the tropics south of the equator. The terms "northern" or "southern" tropic do not refer to whether they are high or low on average but rather if you are located above or below the equator. If you are below the equator at mid-winter, the northern tropic is where the sun is rising and the southern tropic is where it is setting.
Mid-December marks the beginning of the winter season for those living within the northern hemisphere. In the United States, this means that the days are getting shorter and the weather is becoming colder. Within a few weeks, most of us will be wearing our coats and sweaters around the house or office.
Of all the planets, Saturn is the one that influences society by placing limits on human behavior. It forces everyone to grow up quickly and create their own reality. People under Saturn's influence are serious, practical, determined, loyal, and well behaved.