The sun rises in the east (far arrow), moves to the right, culminates in the south (to the right), and sets in the west (near arrow). In midsummer, rising and setting positions are shifted to the north, whereas in midwinter, they are shifted to the south. The sun never shines directly from the south; instead, it produces a half-shadow on the opposite side of a object. On a clear day, you can see this shadow end at its furthest point north or south depending on the time of year.
An eclipse occurs when the moon comes between the earth and the sun, blocking some of the sunlight that reaches it. For example, if the moon was completely covered, no more than an arc minute of sky would remain unblocked by the lunar disk. Because only a small part of the moon is blocked out during a total solar eclipse, these eclipses are relatively rare. The last total solar eclipse visible from anywhere on Earth was on April 8, 1980. Eclipses can be seen as shadows on the moon's surface - howlers for astronomy fans! The eclipse pictured here was seen as a dark region on the northeast side of the moon.
To visualize why the sun never shines directly south, draw a diagram of the earth-moon system on your notebook paper with the North Pole at the top and the South Pole below. The center of the earth is also shown located at the bottom of the page.
The south is to the left in the Southern Hemisphere. The sun rises in the east (near the arrow), moves to the left, culminates in the north (to the right), and sets in the west (far the arrow). In midsummer, rising and setting positions are shifted to the south, whereas in midwinter, they are shifted to the north. The sun never sets in the south. It just keeps on getting farther away until it disappears over the horizon.
In the Southern Hemisphere, everything is reversed: north is left, east is right, south is down, and west is far away. These are all good ways to reverse the charge on a cell phone battery. The rule for solar panels is also reversed: if you want them to generate power, orient them so that they will be exposed to sunlight from the direction of the south. This means that solar panels used to charge batteries in the Southern Hemisphere should be oriented with their positive terminals toward the south.
There are two seasons in the Southern Hemisphere: summer and winter. During summer, the sun is in the south and does not set; during winter, it is in the north and sinks beyond the horizon. The reason for this is that in the Southern Hemisphere, the earth orbits the sun instead of the other way around. As a result, we experience spring and fall here on Earth.
The sun normally sets in the west, although technically it only sets due west at the spring and fall equinoxes. The direction of sunset pivots around this westerly point for the remainder of the year, shifting northerly in winter and southerly in summer. This is true even though the actual position of the sun remains relatively constant throughout the year.
Thus, we can say that the sunrise always rises in the east and sets in the west, regardless of where you live on Earth.
In the United States, law requires that drivers give way to traffic on their right. This means that if there are other vehicles approaching from your left then they will be given priority over you. At intersections, drivers must also give way to traffic entering from their right. This is because right-of-way goes to the first vehicle that can proceed without blocking another vehicle's path. In other words, the driver on the right-hand side has priority over the one on the left.
So, in conclusion, the sunrise in America rises in the east and sets in the west, regardless of where you live.
Because the sun rises in the east and sets in the west, if you stand at the garden's far end and the sun rises to your left and sets to your right, you are facing south. The sun is due south at its highest point. It will then start to drop towards the horizon until it disappears over the trees.
In summer, the sun will go down later and rise earlier than in winter. So if you want to see it set at its lowest point over the garden, get an early start in spring or late autumn.
If you want to see it rise at its earliest point over the garden, get an early start in spring or late autumn.
Sunsets are beautiful, but they're only visible for about 15 minutes after sunset. So if you want to see the whole event, you'll need to be somewhere where you can watch for several hours after the sun has gone down.
Even if you don't have access to a full moon, there are still some wonderful things that can be seen when the sun goes down. Of course, it's not possible to see the color of the sky at night, but that's not what people come to see when they look up at the stars. They come to see colors that they can't see during the day - red clouds against a black backdrop, green grass under white snow, etc.
The sun "rises in the east and sets in the west," as most people are aware. At the summer solstice, the sun rises as far northeast as it ever does and sets as far northwest as it ever does. The sun rises a little more south every day after that. The sun rises straight east and sets due west during the autumn equinox. During the winter solstice, it again rises as far northeast as it ever does and sets as far southwest as it ever does.
At mid-summer, the sun is at its southernmost point in its daily orbit and therefore makes no mark on the horizon. Since night follows daytime at the summer solstice, there is no difference between night and day at the summer solstice. The only time throughout the year when the sun is not up in the sky at some point during the day is when it is completely obscured by clouds or under 20,000 feet altitude.
However, this situation only lasts for a few days at most. After the length of time since the previous full moon, the sun will once again be at its southernmost point in its monthly orbit and make a half circle before rising back into view each morning.
This process will continue until the next full moon. The full moon always falls on the night of the summer solstice because the moon is at its biggest and brightest at full moon and therefore can't get any bigger or brighter than it is at full moon.