Does it rain diamonds on Saturn and Jupiter?

Does it rain diamonds on Saturn and Jupiter?

Diamonds large enough to be worn by Hollywood movie stars may be showering down on Saturn and Jupiter, according to US experts. Lightning storms convert methane to soot (carbon), which hardens into graphite and ultimately diamond as it falls... The moon is also thought to have a liquid outer core made of water that extends deep down below its surface.

The discovery was made after scientists analysed data from the Cassini spacecraft, which has been studying Saturn and its moons since 2004. They found that Titan, one of Saturn's larger moons, was generating intense lightning storms at times when Cassini was in orbit around the planet.

In addition, measurements showed that Jupiter's largest moon, Titan, was generating small earthquakes. Scientists believe this occurs because the giant moon is slowly rotating backwards due to tidal forces generated by Saturn.

Titan is also the only moon not locked in orbit around another body that is known to have a dense atmosphere. It has been measured to have 100 times more nitrogen than oxygen. The presence of nitrogen can only come from organic molecules such as those created by life.

Saturn's other large moon, Uranus, is also believed to have a thick atmosphere made up mainly of hydrogen gas. This means that it too could have once had life as we know it.

Does it rain diamonds on Saturn?

Saturn and Jupiter both experience lightning storms that drop diamonds on them. (Best of luck with it.) Diamonds are formed from methane gas. Powerful lightning storms then zap the two huge gas giants into carbon soot. Over time, these particles coalesce into diamond crystals.

Saturn's storm clouds contain more than twice as much gas as Earth's, while Jupiter has ten times more lightning than we do. Thus, they produce far more diamonds. The amount of gas in their atmospheres is also much greater: 100 billion trillion cubic meters for Saturn and 400 billion trillion cubic meters for Jupiter. That's enough gas to cover Earth's surface with a layer one meter deep for each planet!

The methane in their atmospheres comes from hydrocarbons present in their cores. They drift toward the planets' outer layers where they are ionized by the solar wind and fall under gravity's influence again. This causes more methane to be released into Jupiter and Saturn's skies.

These are all natural processes which help explain why Saturn is white and Jupiter is red.

Are there diamonds on Saturn?

Diamonds appear to be most likely to develop in vast, storm-ravaged parts of Saturn, and in massive quantities—Kevin Baines, a researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and NASA JPL, told BBC News that it may rain as much as 2.2 million pounds of diamonds there every year. When it rains, the gas is excited by lightning and forms carbon molecules that later bind together into crystals.

However, they would be extremely small diamonds, with few larger than 100 microns (0.0004 inches) across. The largest known diamond, named "Eldorado", is just under 10 centimeters (3.9 inches) long. It was found in Brazil in 1950 and is now on display at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.

Saturn's moon Titan has hydrocarbon lakes and rivers made of methane and other compounds. There is evidence that these bodies of water may contain tiny diamond crystals. Scientists think that if enough pressure is applied, pure diamond may form even without any organic material present.

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency, and the Italian Space Agency. Launched in 1997, it is currently studying Saturn and its moons from a distance of 1.5 billion miles (2.4 billion kilometers). The mission will end when Cassini crashes into Saturn on 15 September 2017.

Which planet does it rain diamonds on?

As soot clouds fall towards Saturn, they cluster together and create graphite, and as pressure builds up closer to the planet's core, that graphite is squeezed into pure diamond, literally showering diamonds on Saturn.

The soot cloud that creates them is called a nimbus. Nimbi are large patches of cloud that tend to form in areas where there is high atmospheric pressure, such as over large bodies of water or mountain ranges. The nimbostratus cloud layer above most lakes and oceans contains millions of tiny droplets that reflect sunlight away from Earth and toward the sky islands. This is why sunsets are red and not blue; the atmosphere reflects the blue color of the sky, but allows more reddish light to pass through.

Nimbi clouds tend to be very stable, which helps keep rainfall rates high. When storms do develop within the nimbus, they usually last only minutes before dissipating. However, if a nimbus cloud reaches its condensation point, then liquid water can evaporate into gas, forming raindrops that can fall for several hours or more.

A nimbus has two main effects on planets: compression and precipitation. As a nimbus approaches a planet, its air begins to pressurize, causing the temperature to rise because there is less space between molecules.

About Article Author

Mary Smalls

Mary Smalls is a beautiful woman that has had many struggles in her life. She overcame these struggles through mediation and yoga. Mary believes that meditation changes your brain chemistry for the better, which allows you to live with more calmness and happiness.

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