No, everyone observes the same moon phases. People living north and south of the equator, however, observe the moon's present phase from different perspectives. If you moved to the other hemisphere, the moon would be at the same phase as it is at home, but it would seem upside down. The moon is always facing towards the Earth, so it cannot be reversed.
The moon's appearance changes over time due to a process called lunar evolution. As mass is lost from the moon's interior, its surface gravity decreases, which causes the moon to appear larger and brighter when near full. As more mass is lost, more of the moon appears dark. Eventually all that will remain are two rocky bodies in orbit around Earth, but for now there is also a thin layer of ice on one of them.
Over time, further loss of mass could cause the moon to become completely hollow. This would not affect its ability to reflect light or absorb sunlight, but it would make it easier for objects to pass through it. Scientists think this may have happened after the Moon formed around 467 million years ago. They call this period "lunar infancy."
During lunar infancy, many large impacts would have occurred with the moon still forming out of the primordial cloud of gas and dust. The impacts would have excavated deep craters throughout the lunar surface, some of which might still be visible if they were not filled by volcanic activity.
Yes, everyone on the planet observes the same moon phase on the same day; it is a common fallacy that individuals in various regions of the world see separate moon phases. There is one exception: individuals living south of the equator will view a moon that looks upside down to those living north of the equator. However, this occurs only when the earth is between the moon and the sun; during a full moon or new moon night, there is no difference in viewing conditions for individuals in both hemispheres.
The fact that we observe only one new moon per month is because we are not aware of any other body that would compete with the sun as a source of illumination. Thus, there is no need to wait for another new moon to measure the start of a new lunar cycle. It is sufficient to measure the first new moon after the previous full moon.
The moon is dimly illuminated when it is farthest from the Earth and fully illuminated when it is closest. But what happens between these two extremes? And why does the distance between the moon and the Earth change how much it is illuminated?
When the moon is at its most distant position from the Earth (about half-full), even the most powerful telescopes cannot discern any detail larger than 100 miles across. At this time, galaxies far beyond our own are visible to the naked eye. Because of its proximity to the Earth, the moon is always bright enough to see with the unaided eye.
As you may be aware, the direction of the moon in your sky varies as you go northward or southerly on Earth's globe. Thank you, Andy! Everyone on the planet who looks up at the moon sees the same moon, in about the same phase. The moon phase is a global phenomena. It's not just a Northern or Southern thing.
This unique property of the moon was first noted by Aristotle and later confirmed by many other philosophers and scientists. For example, Hippocrates said, "One can judge from the appearance of the moon whether or not it will rain by looking at it." Galileo proved this statement to be true when he used his telescope to observe that the shape of the moon changes during a lunar eclipse.
Today, scientists agree that the reason we see the same shape of the moon every month is because of how our atmosphere refracts light from the moon. As the moon passes through Earth's atmosphere, different layers of air bend the light from the moon differently, creating a small range of shapes. On the next full moon, those clouds are moved around until they pass over the moon again. The effect is similar to how a lens bends light from something bright like the sun. During a total lunar eclipse, the earth's atmosphere acts like a mirror, bending all the sunlight that reaches it to cast a shadow across part of the planet.
Lunar eclipses have been interpreted by many cultures throughout history as omens.
Because we live beneath a curving dome of sky, the moon's direction with regard to your horizon changes during the night. As the earth turns, so too does the position of the moon.
But because all places on the earth are aligned relative to the center of our galaxy, the path that leads straight from galactic center to lunar orbit is nearly the same for all locations on Earth. So for us as observers, there is only one moment in time when the moon is full; it is always half-lit by the sun even if it is completely lit by sunlight elsewhere.
The moon is fully illuminated when seen from within 100 miles of the center of London, England. From Santiago, Chile, the moon is fully illuminated. But because the path that leads from galactic center to lunar orbit passes directly over Europe and Africa, those regions see only half of the moon during each half cycle of darkness and light. The rest of the moon is in darkness.
So here on Earth, right now, there is half of the moon in darkness while half is illuminated by the sun. The only people who see everything around the moon complete with both halves are those who are looking from beyond Earth's atmosphere.
No The Moon circles the Earth at the same pace as it revolves on its own axis. This implies that we always view the same side of the moon from our vantage point on Earth. The side we don't see receives equally as much light, therefore the "far side" is a more fitting moniker for that region of the Moon.
All objects in space, even the Moon, have atmospheres made up of gases such as oxygen and nitrogen. These gases block some wavelengths of light but allow others to pass through. The color of sunlight changes as it passes through an object's atmosphere because different colors of light are absorbed by the various gases therein. Blue light is most strongly affected by the presence of water vapor in the atmosphere, while red light is most strongly affected by ozone molecules in the atmosphere. Green light is affected by both.
When sunlight reaches the Moon it is filtered by its atmosphere before reaching its surface. Because green light is affected by both water vapor and ozone, only about 5% of the light that reaches the Moon is actually reflected back into space. Most of it is absorbed by the atmosphere which itself escapes into space. About 0.5% of the incident solar radiation makes it all the way to the lunar surface and is reflected back toward us. The rest is absorbed by the atmosphere.