Moksha is the fourth and final artha and marks the end of the death and rebirth cycle (goal). It is possible to accomplish it both in this life and beyond death. The moment one realizes the truth about one's identity and connection with all other existence, one becomes free. One no longer binds oneself to the cycle of death and rebirth.
In the Vedas, it is said that man is the measure of all things. This means that everything that has a beginning has also an ending, and everything that has an end has also a beginning. There is no such thing as forever because nothing lasts forever. All that exists is constantly changing; the only thing that doesn't change is consciousness itself. At any given moment, you can be conscious or unconscious; happy or unhappy; bound by desires or liberated from them. The choice is yours. When you realize this and act according to that realization, you are on the path to moksha.
Death is the last samsara (cycle of life), also known as the "last sacrifice." It is the pinnacle of all arts. It is attained through defeating ignorance and want. The soul then enjoys eternal bliss in heaven or hell depending on good/bad deeds in previous lives.
Moksha can be understood as release or liberation. In other words, it ends one's attachment to the cycle of birth and death. At the same time, it provides freedom from future births too; hence, it is called "final" salvation.
It is important to note that moksha cannot be achieved through mere knowledge. One needs spiritual guidance from a qualified teacher to ensure that it is achieved in an effective manner.
According to Hinduism, moksha can be achieved through two ways: jnana (knowledge) or bhakti (devotion). Those who use their intellect to seek knowledge about God will reach him, while those who love God completely will be united with him.
Hindu philosophers have discussed and debated which is better for gaining moksha - knowledge or devotion? They have concluded that both are essential for reaching enlightenment because nothing can replace actual experience. Only through personal interaction with a living guru can one know what works for others.
Hindus believe that the soul goes through a cycle of repeated lifetimes (samsara), and that the future life is always determined by how the previous life was spent (karma). Moksha is the fourth and final artha and marks the end of the death and rebirth cycle (goal)...
In Hindu religions, moksha is a major notion and the ultimate aim; these three routes are dharma (virtuous, appropriate, moral life), artha (material prosperity, financial stability, means of living), and kama (virtuous, right, moral life).
Moksha can be described as an absolute release from the cycle of death and rebirth. It involves liberation from the cycle of birth and death for all creatures. The paths to moksha are illustrated by three steps: tapo, which means "search"; vijnana, which means "knowledge"; and nirvana, which means "extinction".
The three steps are as follows: Tapo leads to vijnana, which leads to nirvana. This process continues indefinitely until you reach moksha. The goal of life is to reach this state soon after our births- either in this lifetime or the next- so that we do not have to come back again and again.
In other words, moksha is liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth. The paths to moksha are illustrated by three steps: tapo (search), vijnana (knowledge), and nirvana (extinction).
Tapo leads to vijnana, which leads to nirvana.
Chasing for moksha usually entails abandoning one's loved ones, which is incompatible with the purpose of artha. Artha is associated with a period of a Hindu's life. These are the life phases, or ashramas: student, householder, forest dweller, and renunciate. During each phase, a person should seek fulfillment through wealth, family, knowledge, and liberation.
The goal of human existence is described in two words: artha and kama. While artha refers to prosperity, it also includes happiness and freedom from pain. Kama is the desire for such prosperity, happiness, and freedom. The pursuit of these two ends is what shapes human history. At times, people have chosen war to obtain more land and resources; at other times, they have decided to embrace peace to build communities.
Artha and kama are not separate goals but parts of one larger whole. If you only focus on one of them, you will never be happy. It's important to maintain a balance between the two. This is why many great philosophers and thinkers have emphasized the need to pursue both artha and kama together as a means of achieving eternal happiness.
In conclusion, artha and kama are two sides of the same coin. If you want to be successful in life, you must keep this principle in mind while pursuing your endeavors.