Because Jupiter is the largest, we'd presumably want to start there. To do this, we'd need to place Jupiter in a position similar to WASP-12b, close enough to the Sun to provide a steady input of hydrogen from its atmosphere. There would just be enough hydrogen to ensure that no mass is gained or lost from the Sun. However, due to its distance from the Sun, Jupiter would always be cold. The only way to make it not so cold would be with fuel, which would eventually run out.
Jupiter has gas clouds in its atmosphere called "belts" that are analogous to our solar winds. These gases stream away from Jupiter at more than 500 miles per hour, forming one of the galaxy's most extensive regions of radio activity. As these gases hit Earth's magnetic field they release some of their energy into our planet's atmosphere.
The discovery was made using data collected by NASA's Juno spacecraft during its first close approach to Jupiter on 5 August 2016. The finding was published in the journal Nature.
Juno was designed to perform gravity experiments over the course of its four-year mission to study Jupiter and its influence on Earth's climate and life.
But even though it will never get closer than about 4,400 miles above the cloud tops, it has already accomplished something no other spacecraft has before it: It has captured images of Earth as seen from beyond Jupiter's orbit.
Jupiter, although being the most massive planet in our solar system, is much too light to fuse hydrogen into helium. To become a brown dwarf, the planet would need to weigh 13 times its present mass, and 83 to 85 times its current mass to become a low-mass star. It is estimated that the collision of two such objects may have produced Earth's moon.
Stars are usually formed from clouds of gas and dust. If the matter within these clouds is very cold (less than about 3000 degrees Fahrenheit), it will collapse under its own weight and form a single star. But if the cloud is hot, it will dissipate its energy and remain diffuse. Galaxies contain hundreds of billions of stars, with masses ranging from less than half a solar mass up to about 25 suns. Brown dwarfs are objects that fall between planets and stars in terms of size but not mass. They can be as small as 10 miles (16 km) across but also as large as 50 miles (80 km). The smallest known star is a brown dwarf called TR-3 149, which has only 12% the mass of our Sun but lives in a remote part of the galaxy.
Stars are born in groups known as open clusters or stellar associations. These are large aggregates containing hundreds of stars all formed from the same diffuse cloud of interstellar gas and dust. Young stars differ significantly from older ones because they are still growing by accreting material from their surrounding disk or halo.
Jupiter is so massive that it does not circle the sun. The gas giant is the biggest planet in the solar system, weighing more than twice as much as all of the other planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and other bodies combined. Except for Jupiter, most other objects in the solar system are the same. They circle a small, bright star called the Sun. The Earth orbits around the Sun, but only because we are so close to the Sun that we cannot escape its gravity.
Jupiter is so large that even though it is orbiting far from the Sun, it still takes about 10 years to complete one orbit. This means that over time, Jupiter has orbited the Sun once since its formation 4.5 billion years ago.
Many features on Jupiter are responsible for their unique appearance. There are three major zones printed in colors of gold, white, and blue on Jupiter's surface. These represent different atmospheric compositions - the red zone is made of rock, black zones are made of liquid methane, and the white zone is made of ammonia.
There are several large bodies that orbit Jupiter: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. These bodies are important for understanding how Jupiter formed since they reveal information about the planet's early life.
Io is the largest body that orbits Jupiter and consists of a hot molten core covered by a thick layer of sulfur dioxide gas.