No, everyone observes the same moon phases. People living north and south of the equator, however, observe the moon's present phase from different perspectives. If you moved to the other hemisphere, the moon would be at the same phase as it is at home, but it would seem upside down. The sky on the ground would look like this:
The moon is always dark, but when sunlight strikes certain parts of it, those regions appear bright to us because we are close by and looking up. The parts that don't get much light reflect away most of the light that does reach them. So only a small part of the moon is actually dark all the time. The rest varies depending on where you are on Earth and what angle the moon is in relation to the planet.
In fact, every part of the moon is constantly changing color, due to the presence of various minerals that give it up or take it back over time. Some areas are brighter than others and since they're closer to the earth they glow more brightly, too.
The moon is not exactly black all over, but rather it has dark spots here and there. These can be anything from a few hundred yards across to nearly the whole surface. Sometimes these spots are visible against the surrounding terrain, sometimes not. They're usually very difficult to see even with the best telescopes because they're so small relative to the size of the moon itself.
Yes, everyone on the planet observes the same moon phase on the same day; it is a common fallacy that individuals in various regions of the world see separate moon phases. There is one exception: individuals living south of the equator will view a moon that looks upside down to those living north of the equator. However, this occurs only when the earth is between the moon and the sun; during a full moon or new moon night, there is no difference in viewing conditions for individuals in both hemispheres.
The fact that we observe only one new moon per month is because we are not aware of any other body that could replace it. If the Earth-moon system were alone in its orbit around the Sun, then each night would reveal either the crescent or full moon depending on which direction we were traveling with respect to the Moon. But since the Earth travels too fast for this to be effective, we must wait until next month to see another new moon.
The Moon is invisible but visible. It can be seen in the daytime with the naked eye as a faint crescent phase or half moon, but it is also visible at night when it is illuminated by sunlight reflected off of the clouds or the ground. Individual trees, buildings, and people appear as black silhouettes against this light source.
Because the Moon revolves on its axis at the same pace as it circles the Earth, only one side of the Moon is visible from Earth—a phenomenon known as synchronous rotation, or tidal locking. The Moon is directly lighted by the Sun, and the lunar phases are caused by the cyclically altering viewing circumstances. When the Moon is full, everything on its dark side is in full view, but when it is half full or less, only the far side is seen.
The Earth's atmosphere also affects how we see the Moon. Because stars can be seen through clouds and other atmospheric conditions, there are nights when part of the Moon is illuminated while another part is in darkness. This occurs because different parts of the Moon are exposed to sunlight at different times due to their differing positions in relation to the Earth.
Finally, part of what you're seeing is the brightness of the night sky itself. Because there are so many bright stars overhead, it is impossible for us to see all of them. Only those that aren't too far away or obscured by clouds or dust can be seen.
The Moon is dimly lit crescent during a new moon. Full moons occur around each month's end during a waxing gibbous phase. And finally, during a waning crescent moon, only the far side of the Moon is visible over the horizon.
The moon may be seen to the south. The east (where the sun and moon rise) is to the left, while the west (where the sun and moon set) is to the right. The apparent movement of the sun and moon in the northern hemisphere is from left to right during the hours. So if the moon is visible to the south, it must be on the left side of the sky.
The moon can also be seen to the southwest after sunset. Again, it is on the left side of the sky in the evening, then moves gradually northward until it is directly over your house at midnight.
Finally, if you live in a rural area with few lights, you might be able to see the moon when it is behind clouds. Since clouds cover up part of the moon, this means you can see part of it!
The moon is always facing away from Earth's center of mass, so it cannot stay still relative to the rest of the universe. It orbits around us every 24 hours, but because we rotate around it axis each day, the moon never experiences night here on Earth. Instead, there are two nights and three days. During a full moon, it is night where the moon is over earth and day where the moon is under earth's surface.
Where it is night on Earth, the moon is illuminated by sunlight that has traveled through the atmosphere of Earth to reach it.
Yes, you can see the moon from the poles, however the periods when the moon is visible at the poles differ from the times when the moon is visible in latitudes ranging from -77 to +77 degrees, with 23 degrees representing the earth's axial tilt relative to the plane of the ecliptic. At northern winter solstice, the moon is visible above the horizon for about 7 hours and 43 minutes, while at southern summer solstice it is invisible now until after midnight.
At mid-summer, the moon is only visible for a few minutes each night at the north pole but it is completely covered at the south pole during all hours of darkness. At the north pole, sunlight shines directly on the moon all day long, while at the south pole the moon never gets direct sunlight and remains in darkness.
At the north pole, the moon rises around 11 p.m. and sets around 2 a.m.; at the south pole, it rises around 4 a.m. and sets around 10 p.m.
It is possible to see the entire face of the moon from the polar regions due to the lack of atmospheric distortion. However, because the distance between the moon and the Earth varies depending on their positions within their orbits, so does the amount of time that it takes for the Moon to pass over a given point on Earth.