At which latitude is the sun directly overhead?

At which latitude is the sun directly overhead?

23.5deg Only between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn can the sun be directly overhead. That is, only the locations between 23.5 degrees north and 23.5 degrees south are covered. It will happen once a year on the Cancer tropic (23.5 degrees latitude north), on the day of the northern hemisphere solstice (about June 21st). At other times of the year, the sun is at some angle to the horizon.

The fact that it can only be directly overhead for a few hours each day means that you need a way to measure time accurately during those hours. Sundials have been used for this purpose since ancient times. A modern alternative is the solar-powered clock, such as the one used in Greenwich Observatory to keep track of World Time Zones.

During the summer months in any part of the world, the sun rises at approximately 5am and sets at about 3pm, with the average daily temperature near 10 degrees Celsius. In the winter, when the sun rises later and sets earlier, the average daily temperature is lower - around 0 degrees Celsius. The difference in average daily temperature between summer and winter is called the "diurnal range".

In addition to the diurnal range, the location within the latitudinal band where the sun is directly overhead has an important effect on climate. The region where the sun is directly over head all day long is called the "tropical zone", while the region where the sun is not directly overhead all day is called the "temperate zone".

At which line of latitude does the sun fall in the southern hemisphere?

The Capricorn Tropic You may have noticed two unusual lines of latitude on a map of the world: the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere at +23.5 degrees latitude and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere at -23.5 degrees latitude. These are the latitudes where the sun shines directly above once a year at noon. For any other time of day or night, the sun is shining slightly below the horizon.

These lines define the limits of the annual cycle of tropical storms and hurricanes. If you were to travel south from North Carolina all the way down to Buenos Aires, Argentina, you would cross both tropics twice: once each on the eastern and western borders of South America.

Although there are no real differences between the climate of the northern and southern hemispheres, there are two important factors that determine which parts of the globe get summer and winter weather: location and altitude.

I've already talked about location: it's where you find yourself on the surface of a planet. In the Northern Hemisphere, the location of your land area affects what part of the world gets winter weather. The farther north you are, the colder it gets. If you live near a large body of water, such as the Arctic Ocean or the Gulf of Mexico, you'll usually have ocean waters surrounding you all the way up to the edge of the continent. This is because these places are located near the coldest spot on Earth: the Arctic Circle and the Gulf Coast, respectively.

At what latitude on earth will the sun be directly overhead at noon on the northern summer solstice?

Seasonal Changes The Tropic of Cancer, as shown in the link, is the latitude at which the Sun is directly overhead on the summer solstice. The Sun is now at a declination of 23 degrees north of the celestial equator, and the equivalent latitude on Earth is also 23 degrees north of the equator. For those who prefer degrees rather than radians, this means that the Sun is directly over the equatorial line of longitude 116 degrees west.

Why does the question say "northern" summer solstice? Because the southern summer solstice takes place when the Sun is at its lowest point in the sky relative to the horizon, not when it's directly over head.

How do I calculate the solar day for any given location on Earth? You can use this site to find out how many hours are required for the Sun to rise and set at any given location on Earth: http://suncalc.com/. You'll need to know your sunrise and sunset times for the date you want to calculate, and then click "Go". The site will display how many days the Sun is visible above the horizon during the course of the year at your desired location.

For example, if you live in San Francisco and want to know how many hours there are in a solar day at the North Pole, you would enter "San Francisco" into the site's search box and then click "Go".

Where do the direct rays of the sun strike the earth on June 21st?

During the June solstice, the sun's vertical rays touch the Tropic of Cancer, 23.5 degrees north of the Equator. The point where these rays are most intense is in Central Europe at approximately 55 degrees east longitude.

The sun's horizontal rays reach the Arctic and Antarctic Circles on June 21st at its northernmost point in mid-latitudes (40 degrees N) near Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. At this time of year, it is the summer solstice for half of the planet because of our location relative to the rest of the world. However, due to our location within North America, we have two more days of summer before the winter solstice arrives on December 21st.

The sun will begin to descend toward the horizon during the evening hours of June 22nd and become completely hidden from view by midnight. On January 20th, 2020 it will rise again to mark the beginning of spring and the start of another summer in the middle of our night.

This is the longest day of the year in every part of the world except Antarctica, which doesn't experience seasonal changes in temperature or daylight hours. In Antarctica, the winter solstice marks the end of the southern hemisphere's winter and the beginning of the antarctic summer.

About Article Author

Mildred Waldren

Mildred Waldren is a self-proclaimed spiritualist. She's always looking for ways to grow and learn more about the world around her. She loves astrology, dreams, and horoscopes because they all help her understand the deeper meanings of life. Mildred has an affinity for meditation as well; she finds it helps her control her thoughts so that she can focus on what matters most in life - herself!

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