Mercury is the only other planet where a compass may operate since the gas giants don't have solid surfaces on which to stand. A sensitive enough compass could be made. Mercury's magnetic field is only approximately 1% as powerful as Earth's, yet a sensitive enough one might be created. It would need to be very large to provide an adequate margin of error.
The magnetic field of Venus is thought to be too weak for a compass to function properly, although this has not been conclusively proven.
Mars has a thin atmosphere and relatively weak magnetic field, making it unsuitable for human survival unless we create artificial shelters like those used by astronauts on the International Space Station. However, this wouldn't affect the operation of a compass.
Io has no significant magnetic field of its own but gets its magnetism from Jupiter. The same thing happens to some extent with Saturn's magnetosphere when viewed from distance.
Uranus has a magnetic field that points in the right direction, but it is 100 times weaker than Earth's. Neptune has a magnetic field that points in the right direction, but it is 10 times weaker than Earth's.
Ceres has a strong magnetic field that points in the right direction, but it is aligned with its spin axis which is also due north-south. In addition, the field changes sign as you go from day to night on the dwarf planet.
It is determined by the planet. Because a compass works by aligning itself to the magnetic field, the planet in question would need to have a magnetosphere (a magnetic sphere enclosing the planet). Jupiter has a magnetosphere, whereas Venus does not. As a result, a compass would be worthless on Venus. However, it could possibly work on Jupiter.
The reason why a compass would work on Jupiter is because there is a magnetic field surrounding Jupiter that can vary in strength. On some days, the field can be very strong while on other days it can be weak or even absent. The orientation of this magnetic field changes as Jupiter rotates. Since compasses use magnetic fields for their operation, they would still work on Jupiter.
In addition to this, since Jupiter has a large mass, it also has a large gravitational pull. This means that if you were to stand next to Jupiter, you would be affected by its gravity. Your body would be pulled towards the planet and you would fall over.
If you were to walk around Jupiter, your body would be subjected to the force of gravity from every part of the planet and you would be forced away from the center. This would make walking on Jupiter impossible unless you used solar sails or some other form of propulsion system.
On Earth, we utilize the magnetic field of the planet to navigate, yet there may be worlds where you would get lost. No, magnetic fields do not exist on all planets. They only occur on certain planets in our galaxy and beyond.
Planets are known to have magnetic fields because they interact with electric currents flowing in their outer layers. The current loops are created when sunlight strikes electrons in the upper atmosphere. This causes them to swirl around like a tornado, creating its own magnetic field.
The strength of a planet's magnetic field is measured by how strongly it shields its atmosphere from solar radiation. This protection allows life as we know it to evolve and flourish on those planets.
Our own Moon has no significant magnetic field, but it does have a strong one due to the current systems of veins and plates within it. These lead to three distinct regions: a deep core, a thick crust and an intense surface layer.
The core of the Moon is probably solid iron, while the mantle above it is likely made up of silicate rock. We just don't know what lies beyond the mantle due to lack of exploration. It is possible that the core has a liquid center that could generate its own magnetic field. However, since there is no direct evidence for this hypothesis, it remains a matter of speculation.
For thousands of years, compasses, navigation gadgets with magnetic points, have helped humans navigate their way around the Earth. Because the planet's magnetic field draws one end of the magnetic pointer of a compass toward the North Pole, compass users always know which direction magnetic north is. They can use this information to guide them across land or over water.
Why do we need a compass at the South Pole? There is no earth's-core-beneath-our-feet magnetism to help us navigate! The only thing keeping the compass needles pointing south is the fact that they are stuck fast to the bottom of the container holding them. If they were free to rotate, they would point north.
So how did sailors manage to sail across the ocean using dead tools? They didn't! Only a few types of marine organisms are capable of sensing magnetic north (such as whales and sea turtles), so these organisms were used by sailors to provide directions to the next safe harbor.
There are two types of compasses: magnetic and electronic. A magnetic compass uses the direction of the magnetic field around it to indicate which way is north. This type of compass is found on most outdoor equipment used by people who travel into remote areas where there is no electricity.